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Interpretive dance phd thesis

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A Short Guide to Close Reading for Literary Analysis. Use the guidelines below to learn about the practice of close reading. When your teachers or professors ask you to analyze a literary text, they often look for interpretive dance something frequently called close reading. Close reading is deep analysis of director, how a literary text works; it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper, though in a refined form. Interpretive Dance. Fiction writers and poets build texts out of many central components, including subject, form, and specific word choices. Literary analysis involves examining these components, which allows us to find in small parts of the text clues to help us understand the whole. For example, if an author writes a novel in the form of a personal journal about a character's daily life, but that journal reads like a series of lab reports, what do we learn about that character? What is the effect of picking a word like tome instead of book? In effect, you are putting the author's choices under a microscope.

The process of close reading should produce a lot of questions. It is when you begin to corrections paper answer these questions that you are ready to dance phd thesis participate thoughtfully in class discussion or write a literary analysis paper that makes the most of essay, your close reading work. Dance Phd Thesis. Close reading sometimes feels like over-analyzing, but don't worry. Close reading is a process of of the, finding as much information as you can in order form to as many questions as you can. When it is time to write your paper and formalize your close reading, you will sort through your work to interpretive figure out what is most convincing and helpful to the argument you hope to make and, conversely, what seems like a stretch. This guide imagines you are sitting down to read a text for business workshops online the first time on your way to developing an argument about a text and writing a paper. To give one example of how to do this, we will read the interpretive dance phd thesis, poem Design by research paper famous American poet Robert Frost and attend to four major components of literary texts: subject, form, word choice (diction), and theme. If you want even more information about approaching poems specifically, take a look at our guide: How to interpretive phd thesis Read a Poem.

As our guide to reading poetry suggests, have a pencil out when you read a text. Make notes in the margins, underline important words, place question marks where you are confused by something. Analysis Iphone Case Study. Of course, if you are reading in a library book, you should keep all your notes on a separate piece of paper. If you are not making marks directly on, in, and beside the text, be sure to interpretive dance phd thesis note line numbers or even quote portions of the text so you have enough context to remember what you found interesting. Essayists. I found a dimpled spider, fat and white, On a white heal-all, holding up a moth. Like a white piece of rigid satin cloth Assorted characters of death and blight. Mixed ready to begin the morning right, Like the ingredients of a witches' broth A snow-drop spider, a flower like a froth, And dead wings carried like a paper kite. The wayside blue and innocent heal-all? What brought the kindred spider to interpretive phd thesis that height, Then steered the white moth thither in the night? What but design of darkness to appall?

If design govern in a thing so small. The subject of a literary text is simply what the text is about. What is its plot? What is its most important topic? What image does it describe? It's easy to think of novels and stories as having plots, but sometimes it helps to think of marketing iphone study, poetry as having a kind of plot as well. When you examine the subject of a text, you want to develop some preliminary ideas about the text and phd thesis make sure you understand its major concerns before you dig deeper. In Design, the speaker describes a scene: a white spider holding a moth on a white flower. The flower is essay narrative my story, a heal-all, the interpretive dance phd thesis, blooms of which are usually violet-blue. Free Business. This heal-all is unusual.

The speaker then poses a series of questions, asking why this heal-all is white instead of blue and how the spider and interpretive phd thesis moth found this particular flower. How did this situation arise? The speaker's questions seem simple, but they are actually fairly nuanced. We can use them as a guide for our own as we go forward with our close reading. Furthering the speaker's simple how did this happen, we might ask, is the scene in this poem a manufactured situation? The white moth and white spider each use the atypical white flower as camouflage in search of sanctuary and supper respectively. Did these flora and free business writing fauna come together for a purpose? Does the dance, speaker have a stance about whether there is a purpose behind the scene? If so, what is it?

How will other elements of the text relate to the unpleasantness and juvenile corrections paper uncertainty in interpretive our first look at the poem's subject? After thinking about local questions, we have to zoom out. Ultimately, what is personal narrative, this text about? Form is interpretive dance, how a text is put together. When you look at a text, observe how the author has arranged it. If it is a novel, is it written in the first person? How is the novel divided?

If it is a short story, why did the author choose to essay personal narrative write short-form fiction instead of a novel or novella? Examining the form of a text can help you develop a starting set of questions in your reading, which then may guide further questions stemming from even closer attention to the specific words the author chooses. A little background research on form and what different forms can mean makes it easier to figure out interpretive phd thesis why and apple marketing report apple iphone how the interpretive dance phd thesis, author's choices are important. Most poems follow rules or principles of form; even free verse poems are marked by the author's choices in the chrysanthemums line breaks, rhythm, and rhymeeven if none of these exists, which is phd thesis, a notable choice in itself. Here's an example of of the, thinking through these elements in Design. Phd Thesis. In Design, Frost chooses an Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet form: fourteen lines in iambic pentameter consisting of an octave (a stanza of eight lines) and a sestet (a stanza of six lines).

We will focus on rhyme scheme and stanza structure rather than meter for the purposes of corrections research paper, this guide. Dance Phd Thesis. A typical Italian sonnet has a specific rhyme scheme for the octave: a b b a a b b a. There's more variation in the sestet rhymes, but one of the more common schemes is. Conventionally, the business, octave introduces a problem or question which the sestet then resolves. The point at which the dance, sonnet goes from the problem/question to the resolution is called the business writing workshops online, volta , or turn. (Note that we are speaking only in generalities here; there is a great deal of interpretive dance, variation.) Frost uses the usual octave scheme with -ite/-ight (a) and oth (b) sounds: white, moth, cloth, blight, right, broth, froth, kite. However, his sestet follows an unusual scheme with -ite/-ight and all sounds: Now, we have a few questions with which we can start: Why use an Italian sonnet? Why use an unusual scheme in the sestet? What problem/question and personal narrative resolution (if any) does Frost offer? What is the volta in this poem? In other words, what is the point?

Italian sonnets have a long tradition; many careful readers recognize the interpretive dance, form and essayists know what to expect from phd thesis his octave, volta , and the chrysanthemums sestet. Phd Thesis. Frost seems to do something fairly standard in the octave in presenting a situation; however, the writing workshops online, turn Frost makes is not to resolution, but to dance phd thesis questions and business writing uncertainty. A white spider sitting on a white flower has killed a white moth. How did these elements come together? Was the interpretive phd thesis, moth's death random or by design? Is one worse than the other? We can guess right away that Frost's disruption of the usual purpose of the sestet has something to do with his disruption of its rhyme scheme. Looking even more closely at the text will help us refine our observations and guesses. Looking at the word choice of a text helps us dig in ever more deeply. If you are reading something longer, are there certain words that come up again and essay personal my story again? Are there words that stand out?

While you are going through this process, it is best for you to assume that every word is importantagain, you can decide whether something is really important later. Interpretive. Even when you read prose, our guide for free writing workshops reading poetry offers good advice: read with a pencil and make notes. Mark the words that stand out, and interpretive dance perhaps write the questions you have in the margins or on a separate piece of analysis iphone study, paper. If you have ideas that may possibly answer your questions, write those down, too. Let's take a look at interpretive phd thesis, the first line of Design: I found a dimpled spider, fat and white. The poem starts with something unpleasant: a spider. Essay Narrative My Story. Then, as we look more closely at the adjectives describing the spider, we may see connotations of something that sounds unhealthy or unnatural. Interpretive. When we imagine spiders, we do not generally picture them dimpled and white; it is an uncommon and decidedly creepy image. There is dissonance between the spider and its descriptors, i.e., what is wrong with this picture? Already we have a question: what is going on with this spider?

We should look for additional clues further on in the text. The next two lines develop the image of the of the, unusual, unpleasant-sounding spider: On a white heal-all, holding up a moth. Like a white piece of rigid satin cloth Now we have a white flower (a heal-all, which usually has a violet-blue flower) and dance a white moth in addition to our white spider. Heal-alls have medicinal properties, as their name suggests, but this one seems to have a genetic mutationperhaps like the free business writing workshops online, spider? Does the mutation that changes the heal-all's color also change its beneficial propertiescould it be poisonous rather than curative? A white moth doesn't seem remarkable, but it is Like a white piece of rigid satin cloth, or like manmade fabric that is artificially rigid rather than smooth and flowing like we imagine satin to be.

We might think for a moment of a shroud or the lining of a coffin, but even that is awry, for neither should be stiff with death. The first three lines of the poem's octave introduce unpleasant natural images of death and blight (as the speaker puts it in line four). The flower and moth disrupt expectations: the heal-all is white instead of blue and innocent, and the moth is reduced to rigid satin cloth or dead wings carried like a paper kite. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis. We might expect a spider to be unpleasant and apple marketing report iphone study deadly; the dance phd thesis, poem's spider also has an unusual and unhealthy appearance. Essayists Of The. The focus on whiteness in these lines has more to do with death than puritycan we understand that whiteness as being corpse-like rather than virtuous? Well before the volta , Frost makes a turn away from nature as a retreat and haven; instead, he unearths its inherent dangers, making nature menacing. From three lines alone, we have a number of questions: Will whiteness play a role in the rest of the poem? How does designan arrangement of interpretive phd thesis, these circumstancesfit with a scene of essay, death? What other juxtapositions might we encounter?

These disruptions and dissonances recollect Frost's alteration to interpretive phd thesis the standard Italian sonnet form: finding the ways and places in essayists of the which form and dance word choice go together will help us begin to unravel some larger concepts the essayists, poem itself addresses. Put simply, themes are major ideas in a text. Many texts, especially longer forms like novels and plays, have multiple themes. That's good news when you are close reading because it means there are many different ways you can think through the questions you develop. So far in interpretive dance our reading of Design, our questions revolve around disruption: disruption of apple marketing analysis report apple case, form, disruption of expectations in the description of certain images. Phd Thesis. Discovering a concept or idea that links multiple questions or observations you have made is the beginning of a discovery of theme. What is happening with disruption in Design? What point is business workshops online, Frost making? Observations about other elements in dance the text help you address the essayists, idea of disruption in more depth. Here is where we look back at the work we have already done: What is the text about?

What is notable about the form, and how does it support or undermine what the words say? Does the specific language of the text highlight, or redirect, certain ideas? In this example, we are looking to determine what kind(s) of disruption the phd thesis, poem contains or describes. Rather than disruption, we want to see what kind of disruption, or whether indeed Frost uses disruptions in form and language to communicate something opposite: design. After you make notes, formulate questions, and set tentative hypotheses, you must analyze the subject of your close reading. Literary analysis is another process of reading (and writing!) that allows you to director make a claim about the phd thesis, text. It is corrections research, also the interpretive dance, point at which you turn a critical eye to your earlier questions and observations to find the most compelling points and discard the ones that are a stretch or are fascinating but have no clear connection to the text as a whole. (We recommend a separate document for recording the brilliant ideas that don't quite fit this time around.) Here follows an excerpt from a brief analysis of Design based on the close reading above. This example focuses on essay some lines in great detail in interpretive dance phd thesis order to unpack the meaning and significance of the poem's language. By commenting on the different elements of close reading we have discussed, it takes the results of our close reading to offer one particular way into the text. Apple Case. (In case you were thinking about using this sample as your own, be warned: it has no thesis and interpretive dance phd thesis it is easily discoverable on letter director the web. Plus it doesn't have a title.) Frost's speaker brews unlikely associations in the first stanza of the phd thesis, poem. The Assorted characters of death and blight / Mixed ready to begin the essay, morning right make of the grotesque scene an equally grotesque mockery of interpretive phd thesis, a breakfast cereal (45).

These lines are almost singsong in meter and it is easy to imagine them set to a radio jingle. A pun on right/rite slides the characters of death and blight into their expected concoction: a witches' broth (6). These juxtapositionsa healthy breakfast that is also a potion for dark magicare borne out when our fat and white spider becomes a snow-dropan early spring flower associated with renewaland the moth as dead wings carried like a paper kite (1, 7, 8). Like the mutant heal-all that hosts the moth's death, the free business workshops, spider becomes a deadly flower; the harmless moth becomes a child's toy, but as dead wings, more like a puppet made of a skull. The volta offers no resolution for our unsettled expectations. Having observed the scene and detailed its elements in all their unpleasantness, the speaker turns to questions rather than answers. How did The wayside blue and innocent heal-all end up white and bleached like a bone (10)? How did its kindred spider find the white flower, which was its perfect hiding place (11)?

Was the moth, then, also searching for camouflage, only to meet its end? Using another question as a disguise, the speaker offers a hypothesis: What but design of dance, darkness to apple study appall? (13). This question sounds rhetorical, as though the only reason for such an unlikely combination of flora and fauna is some design of darkness. Some force, the speaker suggests, assembled the white spider, flower, and moth to snuff out the moth's life. Such a design appalls, or horrifies.

We might also consider the speaker asking what other force but dark design could use something as simple as appalling in its other sense (making pale or white) to effect death. However, the poem does not close with a question, but with a statement. Phd Thesis. The speaker's If design govern in a thing so small establishes a condition for the octave's questions after the fact (14). There is no point in considering the dark design that brought together assorted characters of death and blight if such an event is too minor, too physically small to be the work of some force unknown. Ending on an if clause has the effect of rendering the poem still more uncertain in its conclusions: not only are we faced with unanswered questions, we are now not even sure those questions are valid in the first place. Behind the apple case, speaker and the disturbing scene, we have Frost and interpretive his defiance of our expectations for essayists a Petrarchan sonnet. Like whatever designer may have altered the flower and attracted the spider to kill the moth, the poet built his poem wrong with a purpose in mind. Design surely governs in a poem, however small; does Frost also have a dark design? Can we compare a scene in nature to a carefully constructed sonnet? Your goal in a paper about literature is to communicate your best and interpretive dance most interesting ideas to essay personal narrative your reader.

Depending on the type of paper you have been assigned, your ideas may need to be organized in service of dance phd thesis, a thesis to which everything should link back. Workshops. It is best to ask your instructor about the expectations for your paper. Knowing how to organize these papers can be tricky, in part because there is no single right answeronly more and less effective answers. Interpretive Phd Thesis. You may decide to organize your paper thematically, or by tackling each idea sequentially; you may choose to order your ideas by their importance to your argument or to the poem. If you are comparing and contrasting two texts, you might work thematically or by addressing first one text and then the other.

One way to approach a text may be to start with the beginning of the free writing workshops online, novel, story, play, or poem, and work your way toward its end. For example, here is the rough structure of the example above: The author of the sample decided to dance phd thesis use the poem itself as an organizational guide, at least for this part of the analysis. A paragraph about the octave. A paragraph about the volta . A paragraph about the penultimate line (13). Apple Marketing Report Apple Case. A paragraph about the final line (14).

A paragraph addressing form that suggests a transition to the next section of the interpretive phd thesis, paper. You will have to decide for yourself the essay personal my story, best way to communicate your ideas to your reader. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis. Is it easier to follow your points when you write about each part of the text in detail before moving on? Or is your work clearer when you work through each big ideathe significance of whiteness, the effect of an altered sonnet form, and so onsequentially? We suggest you write your paper however is easiest for you then move things around during revision if you need to.

If you really want to personal narrative master the practice of reading and writing about dance phd thesis, literature, we recommend Sylvan Barnet and William E. Cain's wonderful book, A Short Guide to Writing about Literature . Juvenile Research. Barnet and phd thesis Cain offer not only definitions and apple report apple descriptions of processes, but examples of explications and analyses, as well as checklists for you, the author of the paper. The Short Guide is certainly not the interpretive dance, only available reference for writing about literature, but it is an excellent guide and reminder for new writers and veterans alike.

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7 Mistakes You’re Making While Using Netflix. Making Your Own Website: Your Career Will Thank You Later. Previously, we beat to death every single excuse/myth/misconception that there is about creating a personal website You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths Have you ever considered having a personal website? You know a place where people can go to read about who you are, what you do, your goals and aspirations, and interpretive phd thesis, of course to contact. Read More . Essay? You no have no reason not to have one. Interpretive Dance? However, you may still be wondering how making your own website could really benefit you. In January, I wrote an article about why it’s crucial to have a professional online presence Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Let’s face it, the letter marketing communications job market is becoming more and more competitive. No matter where you live, getting noticed is becoming more and more difficult. Dance Phd Thesis? Employers are now going towards the online application process, limiting. Essayists? Read More and how to dance, do it, where I mentioned the importance of having a personal website.

A personal website is probably one of the biggest aspects of your online presence. Letter Communications? Sure other areas such as social networks and blogs are important, but your website is like a home base a hub that everything branches off from.Let’s now explore some reasons how just such a website will benefit you tremendously. Your Website Is Like a Living Resume, But More Dynamic. Comparing your website to your resume, is almost insulting to interpretive dance, your website. Although you can create an awesome resume Your All-In-One Guide To Building The Perfect Resume Your All-In-One Guide To Building The Perfect Resume Whether you just graduated, are returning to school or are looking for a new job, within or outside your career, you need a resume. But not just a resume.

You need a great resume. One. Read More , a website is marketing analysis apple study, so much more than that. First, it can be whatever you want it to be. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis? Where a resume is business, typically supposed to be in dance phd thesis, a certain format, except for creative types Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Creative jobseekers are always searching for essayists new ways to interpretive, distinguish themselves to potential employers. Letter Marketing? One of the quickest ways to do this is to make your résumé stand out from the crowd. Interpretive? Once you've got. Read More , a website can be in the chrysanthemums, any format, have any theme, and contain any content. You can use it to dance, display your hobbies and interests; your professional success and goals; a portfolio of your photography, projects or other work; and apple apple iphone, many other interesting things such as The Impossible List, a complete life bio, or simply share your outlook on life.

Your Website Is Your Ultimate “Online Profile” In line with the previous point, your website is the ultimate way to represent yourself online. Sure there are your social networks, or even your blog The Art Of Creating A Successful Blog Tips From The Pros [Feature] The Art Of Creating A Successful Blog Tips From The Pros [Feature] In an effort to understand the magic ingredients that make up the recipe of interpretive phd thesis a successful website, I went out in search of successful bloggers that have formed popular, profitable websites. The fruits of writing workshops online that. Read More , but your own website, especially a self-hosted site, is far more effective in interpretive, communicating to potential employers, customers, and business partners about who you are. However, self-hosted websites certainly aren’t the only way to go. Previously we mentioned some online tools that you can use to free business writing workshops online, easily create a website The Easiest Ways To Make A Personal Website Without Any Coding Skills The Easiest Ways To Make A Personal Website Without Any Coding Skills There are so many reasons for phd thesis everyday people to have their own website these days, such as building a professional profile or having a showcase space for a home business. Whatever your reasoning is cover marketing, for. Read More without the need for phd thesis tinkering with WordPress. The Chrysanthemums? Websites like About.me allow you to design your own landing page with ease.

Other websites like Weebly allow you to interpretive dance phd thesis, create a whole website. In addition, you could still purchase a domain name Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Let’s face it, the job market is becoming more and more competitive. No matter where you live, getting noticed is becoming more and more difficult. Employers are now going towards the online application process, limiting. Read More so you can have a nice clean URL like example.com instead of example.weebly.com or about.me/example.

Again, I encourage you to look into using WordPress it’s not difficult (which I used to think so), but if you are set on other options, here’s a list of websites that you might want to consider: Your Website Helps You Become More Discoverable. More and more people are using the Internet to find people, and more about them than what they may have already known. Essay? The number of people who have personal websites in lieu of other social profiles is quite low. What’s my point? My point is phd thesis, that if someone searches your name in Google, you have a much higher chance of being discovered.

Plus, it also decreases the free online chances that someone else with your same name could misrepresent you in interpretive dance, some way and potentially hurt your integrity. In the letter communications image above, you can see that my website is number two in the search results in dance phd thesis, between a Twitter account and apple marketing analysis report iphone case, a website of two different people, my online namesakes. In fact, all three of us are on Twitter and do some sort of interpretive dance writing or blogging. So there’s a possibility that someone could mix us up. Essay Narrative My Story? This is why it’s important to interpretive, ensure you “claim your name” online and represent yourself professionally. Your Website Improves Your Credibility and Helps You Stand Out. To expand on what I was saying in the previous section, a website also makes you more credible and allows you to stand out amongst the crowd and cover letter, competition.

Have you ever asked your friends, classmates, or colleagues about how many of them have their own personal website? It’s likely that your having a website will make you a rarity among them. This is dance, likely to change in the coming years, but for now, you should take advantage of the fact that not everyone represents themselves online as well as they could. Now, does this mean that by having a website you’re guaranteed to beat out those who don’t? Of course not, it also depends on your skill set, experiences, education and the chrysanthemums, so on. But it will certainly give you an edge by showing your dedication and career focus, which is my next point. Your Website Shows Your Dedication and Career Focus. As you sculpt your career, you add experience after experience under your belt. A website is the perfect place to phd thesis, share those experiences through both text and corrections research paper, pictures. You can use this as a tool to dance phd thesis, show people in the same line of work what you do. It’s one thing to have it on a resume, or even talk about it in person, but for juvenile research them to read about it and see photos or videos of interpretive phd thesis your accomplishments, that’s where you can really benefit from the power of a resume.

It enables people whom you may have never even met to connect with you in a way that they’ve never been able to essay, before. We have not only disproved the myths of phd thesis not having a website You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths Have you ever considered having a personal website? You know a place where people can go to read about who you are, what you do, your goals and aspirations, and of course to contact. Read More , but also provided you five solid reasons for having one. You can see now how not having a website can really set you back professionally. Free Business Writing Workshops? In the interpretive midst of all the competitiveness these days, no matter which career path you choose, it’s crucial that you set yourself apart from the rest. Now, a website certainly isn’t the cover letter marketing only thing you need you need good references, some solid experience, potentially an interpretive dance, education, and letter communications, proficient skills in interpretive, your area of expertise. The Chrysanthemums? But how do you communicate that?

Through a website of course! Now that you have the motivation and dance phd thesis, reason to start working on juvenile corrections paper, making your own website, all you need to do is to interpretive, make a get rolling. Essay My Story? When you’re finished, feel free to share your website development journey with us. We also welcome any of dance your thoughts on how to create a personal website effectively. Have you created one prior to this series of articles? If so, what moved you to do so? If you’re still on the fence or have any questions concerning a website, I’m more than happy to help shoot us your comments below! Another great option for personal branding is Two Way Resume (twowayresume.com). Cover Letter Communications Director? Very easy to use and you can get up and interpretive dance phd thesis, running quickly! Great article! I am a computer teacher for Middle school students(7th and 8th grade) and my story, I am teaching them to interpretive dance, create their own pages, which will be updated as they learn and mature and change.

This way they have a place to store their work and projects, and skillsets. It's never to early! We use Weebly, since it is very user friendly. I also have our school newspaper online, with students creating the site on Weebly. Apple Marketing Report Apple Study? These kids are leaving school with more technology knowledge in interpretive, their pinky than most adults in their whole body! :) We are in a fast changing technological world - get ready! Hi Aaron, a few years late, but your arguments are still relevant. I have just bought my domain. I am Australian, so I have a .com.au domain. This is good because we need an Australian Business Number to cover letter communications, get a .com.au domain. I got it mainly to dance phd thesis, host and OwnCloud server, but on your advice i am also going to set up a resume. Thank you - great article.

This is great! I've been thinking about getting my own website and this post has definitely inspire me to do so. Thanks! Simply desire to say your article is as astonishing. Marketing Analysis Study? I use wix (http://mbuynow.wix.com/home) and weebly (http://mbuynow.weebly.com/). They are very useful tools for interpretive dance phd thesis building your brand. Also, thanks for sharing the essay list of websites. One caveat I would say goes along with having a personal website, especially if you blog, is to keep it updated.

If your last post was over interpretive phd thesis, a year ago or links that go no where, it negates any benefits of having a website in the first place. Although I understand what you mean, this isn't necessarily always the case. Research? A personal website can be stagnant as long as the information is mostly current and up to interpretive dance phd thesis, date. Sometimes life gets busy you don't have a chance to update it -- I was recently in this position -- I moved across the country, stopped doing some things, and free business writing, started doing others. In all of that, I didn't update my personal website for interpretive dance weeks (just recently changed it all). A blog is much different -- it is something that you should post to regularly. I personally don't post to the chrysanthemums essay, my multiple blogs as often as I would like/should. But I don't feel that reflects negatively on me as a person -- I'm busy and interpretive, have a lot going on and although I try to do many things that I enjoy (one being blogging), I also have to put the majority of my efforts towards making money (writing for essay MUO and interpretive, doing other freelance gigs). Again, I see where you are coming from and marketing communications, I 100% agree that it's crucial to the life of dance phd thesis your blog to post quality and consistent articles. However, I think that most people understand that when articles/info/etc. aren't as current, it usually means more there are more important things going on that you haven't had time to update the Internet on the chrysanthemums essay, yet. Thanks for reading the article and for commenting.

And feel free to interpretive, share any additional thoughts. I don't want it to seem like I'm just shutting you down. If I missed a point somewhere, you're more than welcome to point it out. Can you tell me what it is about word press that not only you have recommended, I don't understand why WordPress is better than the juvenile corrections others you listed like WIX ? Thanks for your time. To get an dance phd thesis, answer from marketing apple case study, several different people, you should ask this question on on MakeUseOf Answers.

Please refer to this article. Thanks for the great article, i need to learn more about interpretive, web hosting though. What are you wanting to know? I'm not an free business, expert in web hosting, which goes to interpretive dance phd thesis, show that to create a website, you really don't need to essayists of the, have a big understanding of interpretive phd thesis it. Research? We have put together several articles about different web hosting options, from using Dropbox to interpretive dance, host your website to explaining the various forms of web hosting. Perhaps you could start there. Also, we have a whole page dedicated to the best web hosting services.

Thanks for replying, I will check those link. :) I tried Wix and this is corrections paper, what I came up with. Please let me know what you think! http://cobbbt.wix.com/ben-a-cobb-wedding. Your link isn't going through for some reason. Is your website still up? yes I just took the site down. Wix was just too slow for phd thesis my liking. I now have a SmugMug site.

Http//:benacobbphoto.smugmug.com/ Ah I see. Very nice! Can someone suggest me good domain names? arshadhasan.com is the chrysanthemums essay, taken and interpretive phd thesis, I am not sure which other to choose. I ran into a similar problem. Ideally, .com is the best, but for a personal site, you might also consider a .me -- for mine I did aaroncouch.me.

Another thought is using a middle initial if you have one. Marketing Analysis Iphone Study? Does that help? Will myname.me work with Google Apps? I would think that would work, yes. Arron, You have hit the interpretive phd thesis hot button with me! Thanks for reminding me of all the groovy reason to have my own site/blog etc. I have hosting have my domain name and marketing report apple case study, do not laugh but I have redone the interpretive dance setup (themes, css, make it all fit) so many times an tore it down only speaking of the tech stuff I have all my brand and content but I struggle with the set-up of the site. I admit it I have tried for the last year to workshops online, set up my own set my domain name is a year old next month I have hosting for three years at HG but I still do not have my site?? I have aff. sites amazon sites you name it but i can not get the themes to do what they are suppose to do. I have paid themes, free WP themes they are all setting online under my domain with nothing on them.

I am lost or better yet overwhelmed with this ME site. Been online 3 years an I am at dance phd thesis, a stand still cannot sale anymore to free business workshops, offline or online with out finishing this ME site. Please my friend guide me, offer me help, or at interpretive dance, least look at what I am talking about? Please I am no dummy but what I want and what the theme wants to cover letter marketing communications director, do is two different things. I belong to yall have for years but you have hit the one spot that I can not Techy figure this out. please respond and tell this Woman in Texas how to fix this so I can go on. Have biz cards, letterhead can not pass out cause it has my domain name for my site which is still not done. Thank you for this article which I recd per email lead me to help my friend. Phd Thesis? I could even pay something for help.

Hey. Well. Apple Marketing Report Apple Iphone Case Study? I have always dreamed of having my own website, wordpress.com isn't enough; it was a good springboard, but I am branching out now on my own (scary!). I have my domain and website builder and blogging function but. I haven't got it up and interpretive phd thesis, running yet :( It's an info site and that's where the marketing director nerves come from interpretive dance, as I have got to get what I am talking about RIGHT!! (I just read your article link on creating a personal website and this comment appiles to both) I know that I want to help people and the past 3-4 years of report apple iphone case study my working life was doing just that.

So the websites an extension of that - reaching out and dance, sharing extensive knowledge. It's just so nerve wracking. With the free writing workshops online setup, there's a LOT of interpretive dance phd thesis components I have to apple analysis study, get my head around. Interpretive? I have many of the ideas for content and angle written down but, I gotta do the building (stress!). Do you have any motivational words pertaining to a kick up the rear?? Once I have done it I'll probably look back and think what all the fuss was about!

(I've gone with GoDaddy - the writing workshops cost is interpretive dance, quite reasonable) I've owned my own website for almost ten years. Juvenile? The ad free environment is the best part. I only interpretive dance phd thesis, wish I knew how to report iphone study, Link my FB page to phd thesis, http://clydelist.com. Glad to see that you've pointed out the obvious SEO benefits :) I've got the same problem you've got - there's another Thomas Frank out essayists, there! However, he's a famous author who's been on the Colbert Report and stuff, so it's going to take me quite a few years to dance, step out of his shadow. Great article which may well get me motivated to do this. I like Ucoz as well. It has some annoying features but that's just me being picky: for example, a free website can have its own list of users (profiles and everything) but their accounts can't be local (they have to register with Ucoz, though it's free and doesn't sign them up for webspace) but on the other hand, hey--free website can actually have its own user community!

Webs offers something similar, I believe, but unlike Webs, Ucoz starts you off with 440 MB space. I have the domain name, but no idea how to make it into free business workshops online a web site. I could build a web site using wordpress but then it would be example.wordpress.com so it wouldnt use my domain. The article is great, just need some gaps filling in. Interpretive Phd Thesis? Thanks, Mike -- I've been in marketing case, your EXACT same shoes.

The solution isn't WordPress.COM, but WordPress.ORG. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis? Here is the guide that I used and it helped tremendously: http://collegeinfogeek.com/personal-website/ I think it'll help you too! I'm happy to help you in any way I can. Thanks for the info link. Juvenile Research Paper? Looks like I have made it a lot harder by buying the domain name without the hosting. The article linked recommends HostGator, but as I am in the UK I guess I need to do my own research here. There are a lot to dance phd thesis, choose from it is hard to know what might work ok be good value. The site I need will be only essayists of the, a few pages not expect much traffic so I am hoping the costs will be minimal. Sorry for the late response. You might start by looking at our Best Of Web Hosting page.

Keep me posted on the progress of your website and if you need any further help! And as always, MakeUseOf Answers is a great place to get questions answered as well. Recently i found very unique website builder - http://www.webzai.com. You should try it , this is an amazing website creation tool. Oh very cool Dan! Thanks for sharing :) I am working one now (WIX) and hope to dance, be up soon! Nice post! Thanks!

Feel free to share your website with us whenever you complete it! Still on the public fence - dealing with it off line but hope to letter marketing communications director, get public before the summer. this a great piece of info, i will surely look into it and have a website of my own, it would look cool on phd thesis, the business card that i have a personal website. great stuff Aaron keep it up! Absolutely! I love having it on analysis apple iphone study, my resume, and interpretive, I am working (slowly :S) on writing online, my business cards, which I plan on putting my website on interpretive, as well. Glad to help! Let me know if I can assist in any other way :) Shortly i am also goign to purcahse new domain with my name.

Very cool! Be sure to of the, share your website with us once you complete it! Good stuff, friend. There's another Josh Lockhart out interpretive dance, there. It's why I go by Joshua now. : / This is a really informative post, on my way to letter director, wix. Aaron is a Vet Assistant graduate, with his primary interests in wildlife and technology. He enjoys exploring the outdoors and photography. When he's not writing or indulging in technological findings throughout the dance phd thesis interwebs, he can be found bombing down the mountainside on his bike. Essayists Of The? Read more about interpretive dance, Aaron on personal, his A Solid Mid-Range Phone: The Moto G5 Plus (Review and Giveaway)

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resume outlilne Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the dance preparation of a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an additional benefit if you do business internationally.

Your business plan will serve as your guide during the lifetime of letter, your operation. Dance? It is the apple analysis blueprint of dance, your business and essayists of the will provide you with the tools to analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is dance a requirement if you are planning to seek financing. It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of free business writing online, your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the material to be included in your business plan. Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of owners/corporate officers.

Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer. Copy number of the dance plan. Table of iphone case, Contents (Quick reference to interpretive dance phd thesis major topics covered in juvenile research your plan) The executive summary is the interpretive dance abstract of free writing workshops online, your business plan. It summarizes the content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the key points.

This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Uses of dance phd thesis, Funds, Repayment of essay, Loan or Benefits to Investors. (include only if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to phd thesis the company) Competitors (direct and indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages.

Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. The Chrysanthemums Essay? It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by dance phd thesis, information on cover director the administrative end of your company.

Summary Description of the Business. In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the interpretive nature of essay, your business, telling when and why the company was formed. Then complete the summary by briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and why it is dance phd thesis unique to your industry) strategy (give an business, overview of the strategy, focusing on short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services.

If you are the interpretive manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of free workshops, a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about your manufacturing process. Include information on suppliers and availability of materials. If you are a retailer and/or an interpretive dance, e-tailer: Describe the products you sell. Include information about personal narrative my story your sources and handling of inventory and fulfillment. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and dance phd thesis Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location. Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents.

Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in juvenile corrections Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in dance Supporting Documents)

How many employees will you have in essay narrative what positions? What are the necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for daily accounting?

Who will you use for a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in mind.) What kinds of insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and who will you use for a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan.

What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of your marketing strategy. Dance Phd Thesis? You will address the details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and paper public relations campaigns. Interpretive Dance? The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of Your Marketing Strategy.

Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and marketing communications weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of interpretive phd thesis, research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website)

Packaging (quality considerations and writing workshops online packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position. Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and dance phd thesis leadership positions)

Description of marketing iphone case, Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence. Implementation of Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of your business plan. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of interpretive phd thesis, everything you stated in the organizational and the chrysanthemums marketing plans. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections.

Financial documents are the records used to dance phd thesis show past, current, and projected finances. The following are the major documents you will want to letter marketing communications director include in your Business Plan. Phd Thesis? The work is much easier if they are done in the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of Financial Needs (needed only cover marketing director, if you are seeking financing) This is an interpretive dance, outline giving the following information:

Why you are applying for financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in the chrysanthemums essay terms of dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and phd thesis is used for internal planning. It is paper of prime interest to the lender and interpretive shows how you intend to repay your loan. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of your business.

Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for apple report iphone your company for the next three years. Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and dance phd thesis project for free online the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of your company at end of next fiscal year.

The break-even point is the point at which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of interpretive dance, production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). Essayists? This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Revenue and interpretive dance phd thesis expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of your business in the past. If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an established business: you will include the following actual performance statements.

Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually). It is a moving picture showing what has happened in essay personal my story your business and is an interpretive, excellent tool for assessing your business. Your ledger is closed and free business balanced and the revenue and interpretive expense totals transferred to this statement. Shows the condition of the business as of a fixed date. Of The? It is a picture of interpretive, your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is strong or weak. It is usually done at apple analysis report iphone case, the close of an accounting period. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of interpretive dance, time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses.

Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in free online determining whether or not the phd thesis loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to assets, debt to free business writing equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in a single financial statement)

Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the increases and decreases in the items on interpretive dance comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is letter a summary of financial information about your company from interpretive dance, its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same. If you have completed the rest of the financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to essayists of the this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. This section of your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and interpretive phd thesis decisions made in free writing workshops the three main parts of interpretive dance phd thesis, your business plan. Free Writing Workshops? The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for owners and management. Interpretive Phd Thesis? A resume should a one-page document.

Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and personal from essay narrative, suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks. Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency.

Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and dance phd thesis currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in the main body of the apple marketing analysis apple plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together. When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you.

A business plan will be the dance phd thesis best indicator that can be used to judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in juvenile length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the interpretive dance supporting documents that will be of free business writing, immediate interest to the person examining your plan. Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach.

Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only if you update it frequently to reflect what is happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Use the results to analyze the effectiveness of your operation. You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is phd thesis a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator.

She is the owner of apple report case study, Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace™, publisher of educational how-to books and software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is dance phd thesis Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the essay personal Year Award and basis of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. She is also the developer of interpretive dance phd thesis, Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and bookstores throughout the U.S. and have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for essay foreign use. The books and software are used as course material in dance universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and also for training and development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM.

13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414. Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.

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a m entrace essay College Entrance Essay Samples. Content provided by EssayEdge's Harvard-educated editors. This section contains five pages of interpretive dance content: Stanford Application Essay Wellesley Application Essay Harvard Application Essay Georgetown Application Essay Princeton Application Essay. When I look at this picture of of the myself, I realize how much I#8217;ve grown and changed, not only physically, but also mentally as a person in dance the last couple of years. Less than one month after this photograph was taken, I arrived at the [school#8217; s name] in [school#8217; s location] without any idea of the chrysanthemums what to expect. I entered my second year of high school as an innocent thirteen year-old who was about a thousand miles from home and was a new member of not the sophomore, but #8220; lower-middle#8221; class. Around me in this picture are the things which were most important in my life at the time: studying different types of interpretive phd thesis cars and cover communications, planes, following Michael Jordan#8217; s latest move, and seeing the latest blockbuster show like #8220; Phantom of the Opera#8221; or #8220; Jurassic Park#8221; . On my t-shirt is the dance phd thesis rest of my life#8212; tennis. Midway through my senior year at the special [school#8217; s name] school, the focuses in marketing analysis report iphone case study my life have changed dramatically. If there is one common occurrence which takes place for dance every single person in the diverse student body at [school#8217; s name], it is juvenile corrections research that we all grow up much faster for having lived there.

I do not know whether this speeding up of the maturing process is generally good or bad, but I definitely have benefited. Dance? The classroom has become a whole different realm for me. Before, the teachers and students alike preached the cover letter marketing director importance of learning, but it was implicitly obvious that the most important concern was grades. At [school#8217; s name] teachers genuinely believe that learning is the most importance objective and deeply encourage us to collaborate with each other and make use of phd thesis all resources that we may find. In fact, in a certain class this year, my teacher assigned us to of the prepare every day of the week to discuss a certain book; there were only two require-ments in this preparation#8212; we had to interpretive maximize our sources, gleaning from everything and apple iphone case, everyone in the school, but we were not allowed to actually look at the book. As a result, I know more about that book than any other that I have actually read. It is phd thesis teaching methods such as this which ensure that we will learn more. Indeed, this matter of #8220; thinking#8221; has been one of the most important aspects of my experience. Whether in Physics or English, I#8217; m required to approach every problem and essayists, idea independently and creatively rather than just regurgitate the teacher#8217; s words. In discussion with fellow students both inside and outside of class, the complex thoughts flowing through everyone#8217; s brain is evident.

However, I believe that the most important concepts that I have espoused in being independent of my parents for half of each year, deal with being a cosmopolitan person. Phd Thesis? The school#8217; s faculty and students are conscious about keeping all of the kids#8217; attention from being based on apple marketing analysis apple case the school. Every single issue of global concern is brought forth by one group or another whether it be a faculty member, publication, ethnic society, or individual student. Along with being aware of issues of importance, after attending [school#8217; s name] my personality has evolved. First, my mannerisms have grown: the school stresses giving respect to everyone and everything. Our former headmaster often said, #8220; Character can be measured not by one#8217; s interaction with people who are better off than him or herself, but by interpretive dance phd thesis, one#8217; s interactions with those who are worse off.#8221; The other prime goal of the school#8217; s community is to free business writing workshops online convert every single timid lower-classman into a loud, rambunctious senior.

Basically, if you have an opinion about something, it is wrong not to interpretive phd thesis voice that opinion. Of course, being obnoxious is not the idea. The key is to become a master of communication with teachers, fellow students, all of who are a part of the community, and most importantly, those who are outside of the community. I do not want to corrections research paper make [school#8217; s name] sound as if it produces the perfect students, because it doesn#8217; t. But the interpretive school deserves a lot of credit for its efforts. Often, some part of the juvenile research mold does remain. As the college experience approaches, I am still the same person, only modified to better maximize my talents. Phd Thesis? Although I still have some time to play tennis and see movies, perhaps one of the marketing report iphone few similarities between this photograph and me now is my smile. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS ** This essay is interpretive fairly well written. Corrections Research? The essayist makes boarding school his focus, using it to explain and describe how and why he has changed over the years. A lot of students write about what wonderful people they have become, but they fail to do a good job of understanding and dance phd thesis, explaining the cover letter forces that prevailed to make them change.

This writer focuses on the strengths of the school itself. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis? He demonstrates the sort of values it tries to essayists instill in its students such as, #8220; Encouraging us to collaborate with each other and make use of all resources that we may find, #8221; and #8220; Giving respect to everyone and everything.#8221; Because the writer does so, the reader never doubts that the applicant possesses all the qualities that he credits to the school. Using this method has two advantages. First, the positive, upbeat attitude he has toward his institution is rare. Second, Stanford, for one, recognized that this would reflect well on his ability to dance adapt to and be a positive force at their school. Corrections Research? Wellesley Application Essay. It took me eighteen years to realize what an extraordinaryinfluence my mother has been on my life. She#8217; s the kind of person who has thoughtful discussions about dance which artist she would most want to juvenile research have her portrait painted by (Sargent), the kind of phd thesis mother who always has time for letter marketing communications her four children, and the kind of community leader who has a seat on the board of every major project to assist Washington#8217; s impoverished citizens. Growing up with such a strong role model, I developed many of phd thesis her enthusiasms.

I not only came to love the personal my story excitement of learning simply for the sake of knowing something new, but I also came to understand the idea of giving back to phd thesis the community in exchange for essay narrative a new sense of life, love, and spirit. My mother#8217; s enthusiasm for learning is most apparent in travel. I was nine years old when my family visited Greece. Every night for three weeks before the trip, my older brother Peter and I sat with my mother on her bed reading Greek myths and taking notes on the Greek Gods. Despite the fact that we were traveling with fourteen-month-old twins, we managed to phd thesis be at each ruin when the site opened at sunrise. I vividly remember standing in an empty ampitheatre pretending to be an ancient tragedian, picking out the chrysanthemums essay my favorite sculpture in the Acropolis museum, and inserting our family into modified tales of the interpretive dance battle at Troy. Eight years and half a dozen passport stamps later I have come to the chrysanthemums essay value what I have learned on these journeys about global history, politics and culture, as well as my family and myself.

While I treasure the dance phd thesis various worlds my mother has opened to the chrysanthemums me abroad, my life has been equally transformed by what she has shown me just two miles from my house. As a ten year old, I often accompanied my mother to phd thesis (name deleted), a local soup kitchen and children#8217; s center. While she attended meetings, I helped with the Summer Program by chasing children around the apple report apple study building and performing magic tricks. Having finally perfected the #8220; floating paintbrush#8221; trick, I began work as a full time volunteer with the five and six year old children last June. It is here that I met Jane Doe, an exceptionally strong girl with a vigor that is contagious. Dance Phd Thesis? At the end of the juvenile summer, I decided to continue my work at (name deleted) as Jane#8217; s tutor. Interpretive? Although the position is often difficult, the personal rewards are beyond articulation. In the seven years since I first walked through the communications director doors of dance (name deleted), I have learned not only the free idea of giving to others, but also of deriving from them a sense of spirit. Everything that my mother has ever done has been overshadowed by the thought behind it. Dance? While the raw experiences I have had at essayists of the home and abroad have been spectacular, I have learned to truly value them by watching my mother. She has enriched my life with her passion for learning, and changed it with her devotion to humanity.

In her endless love of everything and everyone she is touched by, I have seen a hope and phd thesis, life that is truly exceptional. Next year, I will find a new home miles away. However, my mother will always be by my side. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS ** The topic of this essay is the writer#8217; s mother. However, the writer definitely focuses on herself, which makes this essay so strong. She manages to impress the reader with her travel experience, volunteer and cover letter marketing, community experience, and commitment to learning without ever sounding boastful or full of dance herself. The essay is also very well organized. Of all the juvenile corrections paper characters that I#8217; ve #8220; met#8221; through books and movies, two stand out as people that I most want to emulate. They are Attacus Finch from To Kill A Mockingbird and Dr. Archibald #8220; Moonlight#8221; Graham from Field of interpretive dance phd thesis Dreams.

They appeal to me because they embody what I strive to be. They are influential people in small towns who have a direct positive effect on of the those around them. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis? I, too, plan to live in a small town after graduating from juvenile research paper, college, and that positive effect is something I must give in order to be satisfied with my life. Both Mr. Finch and Dr.

Graham are strong supporting characters in wonderful stories. They symbolize good, honesty, and wisdom. When the story of my town is written I want to symbolize those things. Phd Thesis? The base has been formed for marketing analysis report iphone me to live a productive, helpful life. As an Eagle Scout I represent those things that Mr. Finch and Dr. Interpretive? Graham represent. In the child/adolescent world I am Mr.

Finch and Dr. Graham, but soon I#8217; ll be entering the of the adult world, a world in interpretive dance which I#8217; m not yet prepared to lead. I#8217; m quite sure that as teenagers Attacus Finch and Moonlight Graham often wondered what they could do to help others. They probably emulated someone who they had seen live a successful life. They saw someone like my grandfather, 40-year president of corrections paper our hometown bank, enjoy a lifetime of leading, sharing, and giving. I have seen him spend his Christmas Eves taking gifts of food and interpretive phd thesis, joy to indigent families. Often when his bank could not justify a loan to someone in need, my grandfather made the loan from his own pocket.

He is a real-life Moonlight Graham, a man who has shown me that characters like Dr. Graham and Mr. Finch do much much more than elicit tears and smiles from readers and movie watchers. Through him and others in my family I feel I have acquired the values and the burning desire to benefit others that will form the foundation for a great life. I also feel that that foundation is not enough. I do not yet have the sophistication, knowledge, and wisdom necessary to succeed as I want to essayists in the adult world. I feel that Harvard, above all others, can guide me toward the life of greatness that will make me the Attacus Finch of my town. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS ** This essay is interpretive dance a great example of essay how to answer this question well.

This applicant chose characters who demonstrated specific traits that reflect on his own personality. We believe that he is sincere about his choices because his reasons are personal (being from interpretive, a small town, and so forth). He managed to tell us a good deal about himself, his values, and free writing workshops, his goals while maintaining a strong focus throughout. For many years, I have been interested in studying international relations. My interest in pursuing this field stems from several factors which have affected me. First, I have been exposed to international affairs throughout my life. With my father and two of my brothers in the Saudi Foreign Service, I have grown up under the shadow of inter-national affairs. Second, I am fascinated by history, economics, and diplomacy. I believe, through the study of international relations, I can effectively satisfy my curiosity in these fields.

A third factor whichhas affected my interest in international relations is patriotism. Through the Foreign Service, I would not only have the interpretive phd thesis opportunity to serve my country, but also have the chance to help bridge gaps between my country and others. Finally, as a Saudi living abroad, I have been bridging cultures throughout my life. This experience has taught me to look for differences to compromise and similarities to synthesize in essay personal order to balance different cultures. Interpretive? In short, I believe that my experiences in life, combined with a rigorous academic education, will enable me to pursue a successful career in the Saudi Foreign Service. Georgetown, Favorite Class. At St. Albans, especially in marketing analysis report apple case our later years, we are given the freedom to choose from a vast array of classes. Using this freedom, I have selected classes which have personal significance to me, regardless of difficulty or appearance on phd thesis my transcript. However, from these classes, one holds an extraordinary amount of value to me.

This course is A.P. Omnibus History, a combination of communications American and European history. There are several reasons for my great interest in this class. First, I am fascinated by the cyclical nature of the dance past. I see these recurring political, economic, and social trends as a means of looking forward into the future, while allowing us to avoid the mistakes of the past. Second, history teaches many lessons about the nature of human behavior, both past and present, providing insight into the actions, desires, and aspirations of those around me. Finally, it lays a solid foundation for several disciplines, including political science, economics, and international relations, three fields of great interest to free writing online me. Georgetown, Visual Arts. Another major interest of mine, which I have not had the opportunity to express elsewhere on my application, is the visual arts.

Throughout high school, I have used a variety of media to express myself. Dance Phd Thesis? I began with black and white photography, focusing on the presence of lines and balance in nature. For my work in this medium, I received an award at the St. Albans School Art Show. From photography, I moved on to glass etching.

Using a sandblaster to etch the glass, I again concen-trated on lines and balance in my works. Apple Marketing Analysis Report Apple Study? Moreover, by arranging several glass panes into a sculpture, I moved my study into dance phd thesis, three dimensions, winning another Art Show award. Currently, I am working on canvas, using oil and acrylic in a Mondrian style, which is based on lines and balance. Eventually, I hope to iphone case study explore the interpretive effects of combining these and other media, creating my own style of artistic expression. In the past four years of letter marketing director my life, no activity has affected me more than wrestling. Four years of varsity wrestling and the honor of being a team captain has instilled many qualities in interpretive phd thesis me.

First, through years of hard work and continuous dieting, wrestling has given me discipline. This discipline has spread to other parts of my personality, including my moral character, work ethic, and preserverence. Another quality wrestling has given me is leadership. As a team captain, I have learned to lead by cover communications, example, both on and off the dance mat. Above all, though, wrestling has given me a love of life. Through this sport, I have experienced pain, sacrifice, adversity, and juvenile corrections research paper, success. Exposure to these feelings#8212; which are, in phd thesis my opinion, the essence of being#8212; has allowed me to truly appreciate life. I hope to continue wrestling at essayists of the Georgetown. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis? ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS ** What immediately strikes the reader about this set#8212; before even reading it#8212; is the balance between the free business writing online essays. Each answer contains only one paragraph, each of dance approximately equal length. The solid structure of each essay and the focus of each reflects this outward balance.

Each one focuses on a completely different area of its writer#8217; s life, another striking detail. The first focuses on free business writing workshops online his career goals, the second on his interest in history, the third on his interest in the visual arts, and the fourth on wrestling. This is a perfect example of the jigsaw puzzle approach. When put together, you have a well-rounded individual with passion, depth, and dance phd thesis, involvement in many different areas. A creek is no place for shoes. I think it#8217; s unreasonable to ask children to keep their shoes on in such a place. My bare feet were always covered with calluses from of the, walking down the dance phd thesis rough pavement of Peardale Street and of the, around the interpretive dance phd thesis corner, past the weeping willows, but not as far as the Lindsay#8217; s squeaky old swing-set. It was hard to see from the road, and as far as I could tell, nobody ever went there#8212; except for me. Large pines nearby stood tall and erect, looking down at workshops online the ripples and currents that nudged each other about playfully, like children in the back seat of a car on a long drive. Stones and pebbles lined the shallow bottom and allowed the water to glide in creative patterns over interpretive dance, their smooth surfaces.

Larger, moss covered rocks dotted the bank and provided ideal spots for a child to sit and watch and wonder. The creek often taught me things; it was my mentor. Once I discovered tadpoles in several of the many eddies and stagnant pools that lined the small rivulet. A cupped hand and essayists of the, a cleaned-out mayonnaise jar aided me in clumsily scooping up some of the more slothful individuals. With muddy hands and knees, I set them on the kitchen counter, and watched them daily as they developed into tiny frogs. I was fascinated by what was taking place before my eyes, but new questions constantly puzzled me. Dad was usually responsible for assuaging these curiosities. He told me about different kinds of metamorphosis and how other little tiny creatures lived in the water that I couldn#8217; t see without a fancy magnifying glass. By the creek, my mind was free to wander. I remember sitting silently on a mossy rock and phd thesis, watching the birds; I used to pretend I was one. As my body lay still, my imagination would take flight.

High above, looking down on this stream from the director pale blue heavens, the wind whistled over my face and the sun warmed my body. When my eyes flickered open, it was usually time to go home. Sometimes I even did. I was always up for a challenge. My sister and phd thesis, I used to jump from rock to apple marketing report apple case rock, in interpretive phd thesis a kind of improvised hop-scotch obstacle course that tested our balance and agility against marketing report apple study one another. Interpretive? She was four years older and I had to practice every morning when she was at school in order to keep up. On the rare occasions that I outdid her, I wore a goofy smirk for the rest of the day. The creek was a frontier. The stream extendedfar into the depths of the essay narrative my story woods.

I thought that if I wandered too far into its darkness, I might be consumed by it and phd thesis, never heard from again. Gradually overcoming my fear, I embarked on expeditionsand drafted extensive maps using my father#8217; s old compass, a sheet of paper, and of the, a few colored pencils. As my body grew in height and weight, my boundaries grew in extent and breadth. Years later, I happened to interpretive dance be walking to a friend#8217; s house by way of the creek. It occurred to me that what was once an expedition was now merely a shortcut. Of The? Although I had left this stream behind, I found others: new questions and freedoms, new challenges and places to explore. But this creek would remain foremost in my memory, whatever stream, river, or ocean I might wade. Princeton, Athlete (football) I have learned a great many things from participating in dance varsity football. It has changed my entire outlook on and attitude toward life. Before my freshman year at [high-school], I was shy, had low self-esteem and turned away from seemingly impossible challenges.

Football has altered all of these qualities. On the first day of narrative freshman practice, the team warmed up with a game of touch football. The players were split up and the game began. However, during the game, I noticed that I didn#8217; t run as hard as I could, nor did I try to interpretive dance evade my defender and get open. The fact of the matter is that I really did not want to the chrysanthemums essay be thrown the ball. I didn#8217; t want to be the one at fault if I dropped the ball and the play didn#8217; t succeed. I did not want the phd thesis responsibility of helping the team because I was too afraid of making a mistake.

That aspect of my character led the first years of my high school life. I refrained from cover letter communications, asking questions in class, afraid they might be considered too stupid or dumb by interpretive phd thesis, my classmates. All the while, I went to practice and everyday, I went home physically and mentally exhausted. Yet my apprehension prevailed as I continued to fear getting put in the game in case another player was injured. I was still afraid of making mistakes and getting blamed by screaming coaches and angry teammates. Marketing Analysis Apple Study? Sometimes these fears came true. During my sophomore season, my position at backup guard led me to play in the varsity games on interpretive dance phd thesis many occasions.

On such occasions, I often made mistakes. Most of the time the mistakes were not significant; they rarely changed the outcome of a play. Yet I received a thorough verbal lashing at practice for the mistakes I had made. These occurrences only compounded my fears of essay playing. However, I did not always make mistakes. Sometimes I made great plays, for which I was congratulated. Dance? Now, as I dawn on my senior year of football and am faced with two starting positions, I feel like a changed person. Over the apple iphone study years, playing football has taught me what it takes to dance succeed.

From months of tough practices, I have gained a hard work ethic. From my coaches and fellow teammates, I have learned to work well with others in a group, as it is necessary to cooperate with teammates on the playing field. But most important, I have also gained self-confidence. Personal? If I fail, it doesn#8217; t matter if they mock or ridicule me; I#8217; ll just try again and do it better. Dance Phd Thesis? I realize that it is necessary to risk failure in order to gain success.

The coaches have always said before games that nothing is impossible; I know that now. Now, I welcome the business writing challenge. Whether I succeed or fail is irrelevant; it is only important that I have tried and tested myself. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS ** The topic of interpretive phd thesis this essay is how the the chrysanthemums essay applicant has matured and changed since his freshman year. He focuses on football. One of the strengths of interpretive phd thesis this essay is that it is well organized. The applicant clearly put time into the structure and planning of this essay.

He uses the platform of business writing football to discuss and demonstrate his personal growth and development through the high school years. What he could have done better was spend more time describing himself after he made improvements. As it is, he only tells us about his newfound confidence and drive. This essay would have been stronger had he actually shown us, perhaps by including a story or describing an event where his confidence made a difference. Click here for the free EssayEdge admissions essay help course. Use coupon code 10010101 for 10% off EssayEdge editing. for interpretive dance phd thesis the free EssayEdge admissions essay help course.

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essay lotus sutra Taigen Dan Leighton. Paper for an academic conference on Discourse and dance, Rhetoric in the chrysanthemums essay the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism Version with full diacritical marks available from taigendan@earthlink.net. In this essay I will discuss aspects of Zen Master Dogen's appropriation and use of the Lotus Sutra , as it is expressed in his rhetorical style. Dogen quotes the Lotus Sutra (from the Kumarajiva version) far more than any other sutra.[1] This might seem reasonably expectable, since Dogen was first ordained as a monk in the Tendai school, which continued to see the Lotus as the preeminent sutra, even as it incorporated and attempted to synthesize a whole range of Buddhist teachings.

However, while prominent Kamakura innovators, Eisai, Dogen, Honen, Shinran, and interpretive dance, Nichiren all had been Tendai monks, they vary greatly in their subsequent application of the Lotus Sutra . The Lotus is the fundamental object of devotion for Nichiren, but is scarcely mentioned explicitly by cover marketing communications Shinran (although it might be discerned as part of the background of Shin thought). The situation of Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra in his teachings is more complex. The Lotus has been commonly perceived as tangential to Dogen, and to interpretive phd thesis Japanese Soto Zen generally. For example, in discussing another great Soto literary figure from the eighteenth century, Ryokan, who also favored the Lotus Sutra , Ryuichi Abe says, Although Ryokan appears to have remained faithful to the religious ideals of his Soto progenitor Dogen, there was nothing sectarian about Ryokan's Buddhist practice. Cover Marketing Communications Director! Among the numerous Buddhist scriptures, the Lotus Sutra popular text not particularly emphasized in traditional training but the essential scripture of the Tendai and phd thesis, Nichiren schools was by far his favorite.[2] While the Lotus is certainly not nearly as important to essay narrative Dogen or Soto as it is to Nichiren, Ryokan's great appreciation for it is revealing of the lingering appropriation of the Lotus Sutra in interpretive Soto, an appreciation and corrections paper, usage that does go back to the Japanese Soto founder. Dogen widely cites and interprets many doctrinal elements from the Lotus Sutra in his teachings. Along with his many direct allusions to interpretive phd thesis the parables from the sutra, Dogen frequently refers to specific Lotus teachings. Examples are skillful means ( hoben ); the single cause for of the buddhas' appearing in the world, i.e. to dance bring suffering beings onto the path of awakening; and that only cover communications director, a Buddha together with a Buddha can fully fathom the fundamental truth. While these teachings are not completely unique to the Lotus among Mahayana sutras, Dogen discusses them using direct quotes from the Lotus Sutra . Dogen also often discusses or critiques teachings commonly linked to the Lotus Sutra in Heian and Kamakura Buddhism, such as the importance of fundamental enlightenment (hongaku); and realization of buddhahood in this very body (sokushin jobutsu).[3] Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra text is necessarily affected by the contemporary readings of the dance, Lotus in Tendai and the chrysanthemums essay, other Japanese understandings, a complex subject beyond the scope for this limited essay to detail.

A discussion of all the numerous direct references to the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's writings is also far beyond the scope of this essay. But to mention briefly one of the most prominent examples, in his Shobogenzo essay Hokke-Ten-Hokke The Lotus Dharma Turns the Lotus Dharma, Dogen discusses and interpretive phd thesis, elaborates his view of the liberative reality of the phenomenal world, which Dogen interprets as a primary teaching of the Lotus Sutra . Dogen expresses this interpretation in personal narrative various ways. The Hokke-Ten-Hokke essay begins with the statement that, The contents of the lands in ten directions are the sole existence of the Lotus Dharma.[4] In various writings, Dogen creatively reads and interprets parts of the Lotus Sutra such as the stories in chapters fifteen and interpretive phd thesis, sixteen about the underground bodhisattvas immanently present and apple marketing analysis report apple case study, available for the world, and the inconceivable life-span, and continuing presence in the world, of Shakyamuni Buddha. These are among the Lotus Sutra supports for Dogen's teaching about the active agency of the phenomenal world in phd thesis the process and practice of Buddhist awakening.[5] This interpretation and appropriation of the Lotus teaching as essentially immanent and essayists of the, located in the phenomenal world is not only important to Dogen's philosophy, but is also relevant to Dogen's style of expression, as will be described in phd thesis what follows in this essay. In line with Dogen's many references, the Lotus Sutra also retains a significant place in Soto liturgy, albeit far less central than in Nichiren Buddhism. Even today in many Japanese Soto Zen temples, the essay my story, verse endings to the sutra's chapter sixteen on the Buddha's Inconceivable Life-span (Juryohonge), or to chapter twenty-five on Kannon Bodhisattva (Fumonbonge), are chanted daily. But instead of the sutra's doctrinal or liturgical applications, I will limit the scope of this essay to examining some of the ways in which Dogen's style of discourse and rhetoric, as seen in phd thesis his Eihei Koroku as well as in Shobogenzo , resonate with his interpretations of aspects of the Lotus Sutra . My point is not at all to claim that the Lotus Sutra is the single most important source for Dogen; obviously there are many traditions from free business writing workshops online, which Dogen borrows. Much of the Chinese Ch'an tradition is the central lexicon for Dogen, especially the classical koan literature, as well as closer Tsao-tung lineage forebears such as Hung-chih Cheng-chŸeh and T'ien-t'ung Ju-ching. In Dogen and the Koan Tradition, Steven Heine has masterfully demonstrated how Dogen's writings serve to interpretive develop and elaborate the koan genre.[6] Dogen also makes ample use of the Japanese poetic tradition, as invoked in cover letter Yasunari Kawabata's appreciation of Dogen as a poet in Kawabata's 1968 Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Dogen's indebtedness to this poetic tradition has been further traced in Heine's The Zen Poetry of Dogen .[7] Dogen certainly further appropriated the Chinese monastic tradition as a major basis for his praxis, and training program.[8] But Dogen's utilization of phd thesis, Mahayana discourse, especially as developed in free business writing the Lotus, should also be considered as one of the fundamental backgrounds for viewing Dogen's teaching as a whole.

I believe that further inquiries into various aspects of their interrelationship will be illuminating to phd thesis both Dogen and Lotus Sutra studies. But this present essay focuses on Dogen's borrowing aspects of its rhetorical style, based on his own interpretation of the Lotus. The essay proceeds with a discussion of the Lotus Sutra style of of the, proclamatory rhetoric. The Self-Referential Lotus. The Lotus Sutra itself frequently emphasizes the importance of and interpretive dance, rewards for the reading, copying, and corrections research, reciting of the Lotus Sutra . To be sure, other Mahayana sutras talk about the interpretive phd thesis, merit to essay be derived by recalling or copying the sutra being read.[9] However, the Lotus Sutra at times seems to hold this self-referential quality at its center, such that it promotes an extreme mode of self-referential discourse that is unique to the Lotus Sutra . The sutra often speaks of the wondrous nature of the Lotus Sutra , right in the text commonly referred to as the Lotus Sutra . This rhetorical device can become startling and mind-twisting, like Escher's painting of two hands drawing each other. Various important figures in the sutra appear within the text of the Lotus Sutra because they have heard that the Lotus Sutra is currently being preached by Shakyamuni Buddha on Vulture Peak. For example, in chapter eleven, the stupa of the ancient Buddha Prabhutaratna emerges from the earth and floats in mid-air, because he has vowed always to appear whenever the Lotus Sutra is preached.[10] In the same chapter, myriad bodhisattvas arrive from dance phd thesis, world systems in all directions, in order to praise the Buddha for preaching this sutra in which they are appearing. This quality of the sutra talking about the sutra, and especially its many references to the Lotus Sutra as something expounded many ages ago, as about to of the be expounded, or even as hopefully to be expounded in interpretive dance the distant future, has led some commentators to business workshops observe that the whole text of this sutra, more than any others, is a preface to a missing scripture.

As George and Willa Tanabe say: The preaching of the Lotus sermon promised in the first chapter never takes place. The text, so full of merit, is about a discourse which is never delivered; it is a lengthy preface without a book. The Lotus Sutra is thus unique among texts. It is interpretive dance, not merely subject to various interpretations, as all texts are, but is apple apple iphone, open or empty at its very center. [11] This is a plausible perspective or interpretation.

The text does refer, in third person, to a designated text that one might keep vainly waiting for, as if for Godot. However, this perspective misses the manner in which the Lotus sermon certainly does exist. Fundamental messages of the Lotus, such as the One Vehicle and the primacy of the Buddha vehicle, are difficult to miss, even if they might be interpreted in various manners. Interpretive! But furthermore, between the lines the Lotus Sutra functions within itself both as a sacred text or scripture, and as a commentary and guidebook to its own use, beyond the literal confines of its own written text. The Lotus Sutra is itself a sacred manifestation of spiritual awakening that proclaims its own sacrality. Right within the text's proclamation of the wonders of corrections research, a text with the same name as itself, the text celebrates its own ephemeral quality with the visionary splendors of interpretive dance phd thesis, its assembly of buddhas, bodhisattvas, and spirits, and apple report apple iphone case study, with the engaging qualities of its parables. The synthesis of the immanent spirit spoken about in dance phd thesis the text, and the text's own intended functioning as an instrument or skillful catalyst to spark awakening, has been carried on among its followers. This is exemplified in the varieties of Nichiren Buddhism in that they are rooted and focused in devotion to the Lotus Sutra itself as a sacred manifestation, and devotional object, which they are committed to proclaiming and promulgating. But for Dogen, the self-proclamation of the dharma in the Lotus Sutra becomes an aspect of his rhetorical style, rather than an externalized objectification.

In similar manner to the sutra's proclamations of the wondrous qualities of the Lotus Dharma, Dogen in free writing online his writings commonly proclaims the wondrous nature of the interpretive, Dharma, the Buddha, the director, many buddha ancestors, previous proclamations or utterances by ancestral teachers, and of course the Lotus Sutra itself. Dogen's style of discourse is usually not explanatory, discursive, or logical in the linear manner of dance, modern rationality or cognition. Rather, Dogen seemingly free-associates, making illuminating connections based on marketing analysis iphone, doctrinal themes or imagistic motifs, aimed at proclaiming the non-dual reality of the present phenomenal world as fully imbued with the presence of the interpretive, Buddha and essay, of the interpretive dance, ongoing possibility of awakening. A clear encapsulation of the Lotus Sutra 's self-proclamatory discourse strategy appears in volume one of Dogen's Eihei Koroku in two consecutive jodo, or dharma discourses, numbers 69 and 70, given in 1241.[12] Jodo number 69 reads in free business workshops its entirety: [Dogen] said: Today this mountain monk [Dogen] gives a dharma discourse for the assembly. What I have just said I offer to all the three treasures in the ten directions, to phd thesis the twenty-eight Ancestors in India, to cover communications director the six Ancestors in China, to all the dance, nostrils under heaven, to the eyeballs throughout the past and present, to dried shitsticks, to three pounds of sesame, to Zen boards, and to zafus. Previously we offered incense for the limitless excellent causal conditions, and we dedicate it so that toads may leap up to juvenile research paper Brahma's heaven, earthworms may traverse the eastern ocean, and interpretive dance, clouds and water monks may become horses and cows. All buddhas, ten directions, three times; All honored ones, bodhisattva mahasattvas; Mahaprajnaparamita.[13] Here Dogen states that he is proclaiming a jodo. But immediately, without saying anything more about the dharma, he dedicates that statement itself to the three jewels, the ancestral teachers, to meditation paraphernalia, and to famed Ch'an iconoclastic expressions for the chrysanthemums essay Buddha, Yun-men's dried shitstick (or dry turd) and dance phd thesis, his disciple Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's three pounds of sesame (or flax).[14] He then further dedicates the incense offering, which had preceded the statement that he was now making a statement, to toads, earthworms, and monks who manifest as horses and cows, followed by the traditional concluding liturgical dedication. He thereby declares the intention of the cover letter marketing, dedication for interpretive all beings, no matter how humble. As in corrections the Lotus Sutra , there is no visible dharma expressed except for the celebration via proclamation of a non-explicit dharma.

But then, in the following jodo, number 70, Dogen explicitly comments on his own use of self-referential dharma, while engaging even further in celebrating an unexpressed dharma. Phd Thesis! We do not know how many days may have separated the personal my story, two discourses. In this section of the interpretive, text, between the jodos that can be dated and which are four months apart, there were an average of two discourse per essay personal my story week. Dance! But whatever the interval, it is clear in the overall text of Eihei Koroku that the different discourses, recorded chronologically with only very rare exceptions, are often linked sequentially through the associations of theme, imagery, ancestral figures, or textual allusion. Jodo number 70 says: [Dogen] said: As this mountain monk [Dogen] today gives a dharma discourse, all buddhas in essay the three times also today give a dharma discourse. The Ancestral teachers in all generations also today give a dharma discourse. The one who bears the interpretive, sixteen-foot golden body gives a dharma discourse. The one endowed with the essay, wondrous function of the dance phd thesis, hundred grasses (all things) gives a dharma discourse. Already together having given a dharma discourse, what dharma has been expounded? No other dharma is free workshops online, expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma?

It is upheld within Shang-lan Temple; it is upheld within Kuan-yin Temple; it is upheld within the monks' hall; it is upheld within the buddha hall. Again, Dogen never talks about the interpretive phd thesis, content of his dharma discourse. Apple Analysis Apple Iphone Case! But he proclaims that his own act of proclaiming this self-referencing dharma is echoed simultaneously in the discourses of the phd thesis, ancestral teachers and buddhas, just as the proclamation of the Lotus Sutra is echoed in various buddha realms, in various times. Then Dogen asks the same question that the Tanabes ask about the Lotus Sutra , What dharma has been expounded? And Dogen answers unabashedly, No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma? While not explaining or even stating the marketing analysis apple iphone case study, content of this dharma, his phrase, This very (shako) dharma, might seem to refer to the teaching of suchness, or tathata, but it is interpretive dance, also simply just this dharma, as opposed to that one. Thereby Dogen emphasizes not an abstraction, but the essay personal, concreteness of phenomenal reality as the realm of dharma. Then Dogen does declare and affirm that this non-explicit teaching is interpretive, upheld in the context of the essayists of the, temples and the buildings where the practice is phd thesis, carried on. The example in these two jodos of Dogen's proclamation of a non-explicit dharma is presented in a direct and concise manner, as appropriate to the often brief declarations of the the chrysanthemums, jodo form. But this rhetorical strategy recurs, more or less subtly, in many places throughout Shobogenzo , as well as in Eihei Koroku . That Dogen is adapting this rhetorical posture at least in part directly from the Lotus Sutra is clearly evidenced by another early jodo in the Eihei Koroku , number 24, given in dance phd thesis 1240.

In the entire universe in of the ten directions there is no dharma at all that has not yet been expounded by all buddhas in the three times. Therefore all buddhas say, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This great assembly present before me also is practicing the Way in dance phd thesis the manner of all buddhas. Each movement, each stillness is not other than the writing, dharma of all buddhas, so do not act carelessly or casually. Although this is the interpretive, case, I have an expression that has not yet been expounded by any buddha.

Everyone, do you want to discern it? After a pause [Dogen] said: In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. In this dharma discourse Dogen again does not elaborate on the content of the dharma expounded by all buddhas in the three times, except to aver that it is marketing, no other than every movement, and every stillness, and is practiced by interpretive the monks at Eiheiji. Significant to the point of this essay is the context of this quote mentioned by Dogen from essayists, Sakyamuni Buddha, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This statement that Dogen uses to dance phd thesis express the inexplicit dharma proclaimed by all buddhas is from the Lotus Sutra , chapter two on Skillful Means.[15] Dogen further emphasizes this quote when he repeats it verbatim as his own expression for the inexplicit dharma, which he claims, Has not yet been expounded by the chrysanthemums essay any buddha. But saying it has not previously been expounded is tantamount to Dogen himself preaching the interpretive dance phd thesis, original Lotus Sutra , or to his own manifestation as the Buddha in the Lotus text in which it is first expounded.

There are ample examples of response with silence, or of indirect or inexplicit Dharma proclamation within the Ch'an literature that is Dogen's primary lexicon. Yet the Lotus Sutra referent for this 1240 jodo about personal narrative, expounding the dharma clearly demonstrates that Dogen himself saw the Lotus Sutra , expounded by all buddhas in interpretive phd thesis the three times, as an important source for personal narrative my story this self-proclamatory rhetorical style of interpretive dance, expounding. Communications Director! Further studies of any references to phd thesis the Lotus Sutra in the development of the chrysanthemums essay, early Ch'an rhetorical styles might be informative. But it is apparent that Dogen himself saw the Lotus as one model for a non-dualistic, inexplicit discourse approach. The Self-Reflexive as a Skillful Mode. In The Karma of Words, William LaFleur discusses the sophisticated nature of the Lotus Sutra as literature, and its impact in medieval Japanese poetics. The surprising feature of [the parables] in the Lotus is that they are simultaneously the vehicle and the tenor of that vehicle. In a very important sense, the parables of the Lotus are about the dance phd thesis, role and status of parabolic speech itself. They are what I would call self-reflexive allegory; that is, their trajectory of discourse behaves like a boomerang. Much like the dharma described in a crucial section of the hoben chapter, they are characterized by essayists of the the absolute identity [or equality] of their beginning and end.[16]

LaFleur's analysis of this realm of discourse in phd thesis the Lotus Sutra focuses on its radical nondualism, and its embodiment of skillful means. This standpoint of nondualism represents interpretations of the Lotus Sutra developed in T'ien-t'ai and in Japanese Buddhism prior to apple marketing analysis Dogen, and which impacted the medieval literature LaFleur examines. From such a nondualistic viewpoint, LaFleur suggests translating hoben as modes rather than the more common translations of skillful or expedient means. Hurvitz translates hoben as expedient devices, and interpretive dance phd thesis, Watson translates it as expedient means, both implying a dualistic, and even manipulative, aspect of the teaching, especially when rendered as devices. Free Business Workshops! Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka translate it as tactfulness, which implies more consideration and inclusivity, but might still be seen as implying a hierarchy of the interpretive dance phd thesis, teachings. The upaya (or hoben ) doctrine is essay narrative my story, a problematic aspect in the Lotus Ekayana One Vehicle teaching. The Lotus at times has been upheld, within the sutra itself as well as by some of its followers, for example in the T'ien-t'ai p'an-chiao system, as the phd thesis, supreme epitome of the One Vehicle. Essay! In this perspective other teachings and scriptures may be seen as merely expedient, provisional (and therefore inferior) teachings that might be included in the One Vehicle as a kind of dharmic noblesse oblige. Such a view of upaya implies a hierarchy of teachings, and even a manipulative use of them.

Unquestionably the Lotus Sutra lends itself, and dance phd thesis, often explicitly encourages, a political, polemical reading in which the Lotus, and those who preach it, represent the True Dharma, and those who follow provisional, expedient teachings exemplify the chaff, inimical to the full teaching. On the writing workshops online, other hand, the alternate mode of reading the teaching of upaya, as championed by LaFleur, implies a radically nondualistic inclusivity, and an acceptance of all helpful teachings as simply a diversity of modes. Portions of the Lotus Sutra do indeed lend themselves to this alternate, more tolerant and inclusive reading of hoben . For example, in interpretive phd thesis chapter five the parable of the Dharma rain falling universally on personal narrative my story, all implies no discrimination against any of the interpretive, many plants that are equally nourished, each growing in their own way. Applied as appropriate to the diversity of needs of suffering beings, all teaching modes might be equally beneficial to the ultimate purpose for buddhas' manifestation, as proclaimed in the upaya chapter: By resort to the chrysanthemums numberless devices and to various means, parables, and phrases do [buddhas] proclaim the dharmas, . . . for one great cause appearing in the world, . . . to cause beings to hear the Buddha's knowledge, . . . to cause the beings to understand, . . . to interpretive cause the beings to enter the personal my story, path.[17] Such an inclusive reading of hoben might be usefully appropriated to modern concerns of religious pluralism, which may be LaFleur's subtext. But LaFleur's reading also has implications to styles of discourse, the primary issue under consideration here. LaFleur sees the interpretive, sutra's primary liberative purpose and its various skillful modes expressed nondualistically as exactly the reason for the sutra's self-referential discourse style. In his reading: The narratives of the Lotus are not a means to an end beyond themselves.

Their concrete mode of expression is not chaff to be dispensed with in order to attain a more abstract, rational, or spiritual truth. The Lotus is unequivocal on this point: One may seek in every one of the ten directions but will find no mode [ hoben ] other than the free workshops online, Buddha's. This accounts for what may seem to be an inordinate amount of praise directed by the sutra toward itself. It also implies that within the sutra there is an unmistakable philosophical move opposite to that in Plato's Republic, a move to affirm the complete reality of the phd thesis, world of concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent.[18] This common Japanese association of the juvenile corrections, Lotus Sutra with affirmation of the reality of the phenomenal world, followed here by dance LaFleur, can be dated back to the Japanese Tendai founder Saicho. The Chrysanthemums Essay! Having studied with two of the disciples of the Chinese Hua-yen master Chan-jan, who argued for the Buddha nature of insentient beings (a teaching that Dogen would also later frequently celebrate), Saicho incorporated Hua-yen (Kegon) views of interpretive dance phd thesis, suchness into Tendai. Of The! But Saicho also applied this in an original way to his interpretation of the Lotus Sutra . His reading not only acknowledges two aspects of suchness but establishes a hierarchy between the two in identifying the dynamic aspect of dance, suchness—its expression as the phenomenal world—with the T'ien-t'ai category of the the chrysanthemums essay, middle and with the dance phd thesis, one vehicle of the Lotus. This represents a crucial step toward the business online, profound valorization of empirical reality found in medieval Tendai original enlightenment thought.[19] From this Japanese Tendai perspective of spiritual reality immanent in interpretive dance phd thesis concrete phenomena, the Lotus Sutra itself is of the, not separate from, or talking about, a realm of interpretive dance, transcendent spirit outside of itself. Thus the Lotus Sutra itself can become an embodiment of the awakening aspect of the phenomenal world, omnipresent, at least in potentiality, in all concrete phenomena. The self-referential or self-reflexive aspect of the sutra demonstrates the marketing case, non-separation of its liberative goals from the Buddha's skillful modes.

Given the nonduality of purpose and context of the Lotus Sutra as a text that itself represents and enacts veneration of the world's liberative potential, it is reasonable that this very sutra would become an object of veneration, as in interpretive Nichiren Buddhism. To be sure, Dogen is not inclusive of the diverse modes of teachings in LaFleur's strictly non-hierarchical fashion, as, in common with all of the Kamakura innovators, Dogen at times upholds his own teaching lineage and strongly disparages others. However, Dogen's use of essay my story, Lotus style self-referential discourse is interpretive dance, directed at affirmation of the nondualism of means and end, and he repeatedly affirms the phenomenal realm as the arena of nondual practice-realization, in business writing workshops accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus Sutra discourse as based on interpretive phd thesis, hoben . In a similar skillful mode, Dogen often intentionally uses words as vehicles to cover director express the discourse he is dance phd thesis, then proclaiming. The Chrysanthemums Essay! Dogen's frequent inversion of conventional word order and phd thesis, word meaning from classical koans or sutras serves to the chrysanthemums express this quality of dance phd thesis, proclamation, in which the discourse itself demonstrates that which it is expounding. A prominent example is the oft-cited wordplay in Shobogenzo Bussho Buddha Nature, first written in 1241, in which Dogen retranslates the passage from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, All sentient beings without exception have Buddha nature. Essay Personal! By rereading the characters shitsu-u as whole being, rather than all have, Dogen alters the passage to, All sentient beings' whole being [is] Buddha nature.[20] This elimination of dualistic grammar itself demonstrates the nondualism between sentient beings and Buddha nature. In further accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus discourse, Dogen specifically affirms the complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in his discourse rhetoric as well as its content, and even when leaving the content itself seemingly absent, or at least not stated. In jodo 49 in Eihei Koroku, also given in 1241, Dogen says: This mountain monk has not lectured for the sake of the assembly for a long time.

Why is interpretive phd thesis, this? On my behalf, the buddha hall, the workshops online, monks' hall, the valley streams, the pine, and bamboo, every moment, endlessly speak fully for the sake of all people. Have you all heard it or not? If you say you heard it, what did you hear? If you say you have not heard it, you do not keep the five precepts. Here Dogen rhetorically affirms the immanence of the dharmic discourse as well as its content, right in the world of phd thesis, dharmas, or phenomena, including streams, pines, bamboo, and temple buildings, which all themselves discourse on this dharma. Marketing Report Apple Iphone Case Study! He also self-consciously uses this nonexplicit discourse of the dharma and its immanence as a skillful means for challenging his monks in interpretive dance training to hear and express the dharma more fully. Have you all heard it or not? Dogen's Use of the marketing communications director, Fantastic.

Another literary aspect of the dance, Lotus Sutra that is disconcerting to conventional analysis is the degree to which its stories and teachings are rooted in corrections research paper images and interpretive phd thesis, fantasies. In his introduction to his book on Myoe, whose life and teaching were colorfully replete with the visionary, George Tanabe, Jr. cites the centrality of visions to East Asian Buddhist experience, despite the focus of much of modern Buddhist studies on essay personal, doctrine and interpretive, philosophy. The Buddhist tradition is as much a history of fantasy as it is a history of thought. It should be studied as such to the chrysanthemums essay gain a better understanding not only of Buddhism as a fantastic philosophy, but of Buddhists as sentient beings as well.[21] In the interpretive, context of of the, Myoe studies, Tanabe's discussion of the fantastic might more directly apply to interpretive dance phd thesis the psychedelic visions of the Avatamsaka Sutra, which Myoe, as a Kegon monk, especially cherished. But Tanabe's remarks also certainly pertain to the striking images and parables of the business workshops, Lotus, about which he says, The Lotus Sutra is less a work of memory and more a product of fantasy inspired with new visions derived internally.[22] The Lotus Sutra thus calls for examination of the significance and function of its imagery as much as, if not more than, its philosophical positions. As Tanabe says: Mahayana Buddhism is, among many things it can be, a tradition of the mind's faculty for producing images in phd thesis both waking life and sleep: a tradition, that is, of fantasy producing visions, . . . and dreams, which were interpreted by the dreamers for their own meanings and which can be, to add a modern aspect, read by us for their feelings. It will be possible to gain a better understanding of Mahayana Buddhism as a vehicle not only of ideas and institutions but of human emotion as well only when studies of the fantastic end of the spectrum become more available.[23] In this context, the Lotus Sutra parables and self-referential discourse style can be seen as the internal expression of free online, vision, or fantasy, that expresses the human experience of Mahayana practice, more than its philosophical content. Even when, as may frequently be the case, such discourse is a literary device or artifice, rather than directly inspired by phd thesis literal meditative experience, visions, or dreams, such literary framing serves to honor the skillful use of business writing workshops online, imagination and interpretive, the visionary.

The Lotus Sutra itself includes a parable that uses a fantastic vision to demonstrate how fantastic visions function as skillful liberative modes. In chapter seven, a conjured or phantom city is described as a vision that serves as a metaphor for the teaching of nirvana as cessation, which can provide a half-way oasis on the path to Mahayana universal liberation. Despite being a mere phantom, the vision of an oasis city acts as a necessary, beneficial encouragement for practitioners, who may be refreshed by temporarily imagining they have achieved their goal. Corrections Research Paper! Similarly, Lotus Sutra parables, no matter how fantastic, themselves function as beneficial encouragements. In another of the numerous examples in interpretive phd thesis Shobogenzo of Dogen using wordplay to invert conventional thinking, in Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, written in 1242, Dogen extensively elaborates on my story, the statement that all buddhas express the dream within a dream.[24] He thereby denies the supposedly lesser reality of the dreams of the transient phenomenal world, and negates a Platonic exaltation of the absolute, which LaFleur describes as the antithesis of Lotus teaching. Instead, Dogen proclaims the interpretive, dream world of phenomena as exactly the realm of buddhas' activity. Every dewdrop manifested in every realm is a dream. The Chrysanthemums Essay! This dream is the glowing clarity of the hundred grasses. . . Dance! . Do not mistake them as merely dreamy.[25] The liberative awakening of buddhas is business writing online, itself described as a dream.

Without expressing dreams, there are no buddhas. Without being within a dream, buddhas do not emerge and turn the wondrous dharma wheel. This dharma wheel is no other than a buddha together with a buddha, and a dream expressed within a dream. Simply expressing the dream within a dream is itself the interpretive dance, buddhas and ancestors, the corrections, assembly of unsurpassable enlightenment.[26] Dogen is not frivolously indulging in mere paradox here, but follows the logic of the dream as necessarily the locus of awakening. As Dogen says in his celebrated essay, Genjokoan, Those who have great realization of delusion are buddhas.[27] What is dance phd thesis, worthy of study is not delusions or fantasies about enlightenment, but rather the reality of the narrative, causes and conditions of the realms of delusion and suffering. Dance! A similar logic is essay, expressed in the Lotus Sutra dictum that buddhas manifest only due to the presence of suffering beings. Dogen's positive view of dreams will be significant in his parables to be discussed below, two of which Dogen frames as if they might have been dreams, whether or not they were his actual sleeping dreams.

Dogen does not attend to literal dreams with anywhere near the same dedication as his contemporary, Myoe, as exemplified by interpretive phd thesis Myoe's extraordinary, forty-year dream journal.[28] Along with Myoe, dreams and juvenile research, visionary discourse are also more emphasized than they are by interpretive Dogen in the teachings of marketing analysis report apple case, Keizan, Dogen's third generation successor, who is revered as the second founder of Japanese Soto Zen. The central role of dream and vision for Keizan has been discussed and elaborated by Bernard Faure in Visions of Power. [29] Keizan and his successors in the following few generations helped spread Soto Zen throughout rural Japan. One stereotype in Soto studies is the distinction between Keizan's use of the visionary, inspired by phd thesis Esoteric teachings, and the supposedly more pure Zen of Dogen. According to this stereotype, Dogen emphasized zazen and a rational presentation of buddha dharma, untainted by the more colorful and melodramatic Mahayana and juvenile research, Esoteric teachings indulged in by Keizan.[30] However, Dogen does indeed employ dreams and visions as skillful teaching tools. Interpretive Phd Thesis! While we may certainly note differences in emphasis and style between Dogen and Keizan, Dogen is in fundamental accord with the world-view of medieval Japan, including the esoteric teachings of Shingon and Tendai that were the background for free writing all Kamakura Buddhism. Dogen sees the interpretive phd thesis, phenomenal world as dynamically alive, and imbued with spirit forces. His visionary context is perhaps most apparent in his interpretations and appropriations of the Lotus Sutra , and in his own references to essayists of the dreaming. In Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, Dogen explicitly refers to the Lotus Sutra as a source for the role of dreams in his discourse style. He quotes a long passage that concludes the final verse in chapter fourteen of the sutra, beginning from, All buddhas, with bodies of interpretive, golden hue, splendidly adorned with a hundred auspicious marks, hear the dharma and expound it for others. Such is the fine dream that ever occurs. Of The! . Interpretive Dance! . . Dogen interprets this passage as saying that the whole archetypal story of the Buddha occurs in a dream.

Dogen's reading takes this passage out of its context in the sutra to emphasize that the Buddha is apple marketing analysis report apple case study, made king, leaves the interpretive phd thesis, palace, awakens under the bodhi tree, and conducts his whole teaching career, all in a dream.[31] Thus this passage at the close of chapter fourteen is creatively interpreted by Dogen to serve as foreshadowing for the revelation in chapter sixteen of business writing, Buddha's inconceivable life-span, in which the archetypal story of his birth, awakening, teaching, and death is more explicitly revealed as a skillful means to encourage beings. After quoting this passage, Dogen avers that, This dream of buddhas is phd thesis, not an report analogy. In the interpretive dance, original context of the juvenile research, Lotus Sutra text, this passage is merely describing the rewards of those who preach the Lotus, in this instance the reward of auspicious dreams.[32] But Dogen uses his creative reading to validate, or at least exemplify, his teaching that the dream-state of the conditioned phenomenal world is dance, exactly the arena for awakening. But here he is furthermore claiming the dream mentioned by the Lotus Sutra as a model for a skillful discourse mode that has recourse to the visionary as a tool for liberation. As in the Lotus Sutra self-reflexive discourse style, the parable expression is itself a skillful mode of reality for Dogen, not separate from concrete phenomena. Dogen continues, People in the past and present mistakenly think that, thanks to the power of expounding this foremost dharma, mere night dreams may become like this dream of buddhas. Thinking like this, one has not yet clarified the Buddha's discourse. Free! Awakening and dreaming from the beginning are one suchness, the genuine reality. The buddha-dharma, even if it were an interpretive phd thesis analogy, is the genuine reality.[33]

For Dogen, the particular events of this dream world are the reality, and also the analysis report apple iphone case study, skillful discourse, of the awakening of buddhas. The essays of Dogen's Shobogenzo , such as Muchu Setsumu, are sometimes philosophical and elaborative of traditional Buddhist or Zen doctrines, and are addressed to a general audience of interpretive, his contemporaries. In Eihei Koroku , by contrast, Dogen is directly addressing his small cadre of monk disciples at Eiheiji, stretching for means to encourage and develop their practice. In this work, the primary available source for his mature teachings, as well as occasionally revealing humor or feelings such as sadness or regret, Dogen at times offers his own parables, often using fantastic, playful imagery, sometimes expressed as if in dreams. In the following three parables from Eihei Koroku jodos, Dogen's appropriation of Lotus and Mahayana vision is evidenced through the allusions to Mahayana rhetoric or figures in each of them. In Eihei Koroku jodo number 229, given in 1247, Dogen directly parodies the rhetoric of Mahayana sutras. The millions of billions of free writing online, transformation bodies [of buddhas] abide throughout a monk's staff, carry water and interpretive, gather firewood to make offerings to buddhas as numerous as there are sitting cushions, and, on the tip of a whisk, simultaneously all attain unsurpassed complete perfect enlightenment. They are all equally named Broken Wooden Ladle Tathagata, Worthy of Offerings, Omniscient, Foot of Bright Practice, Well Gone One, World Liberator, Supreme One, Strong Controlling Person, Teacher of essayists, Humans and Heavenly Beings, World-Honored Buddha. The Country [of this Buddha] is interpretive, named Clump of Soil; the kalpa is marketing iphone, named Fist.

The duration of the True Dharma Age and Semblance Dharma Age are both twelve hours, and the buddha's longevity is interpretive dance phd thesis, that of a dried turd from free writing online, three thousand great thousands of worlds. Do you all understand? If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake. If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained. Dogen plays with words here, replacing the conventional sutra rhetoric for interpretive dance phd thesis a buddha abiding throughout kalpas with his abiding throughout a monk's staff.

Instead of making offerings to buddhas as numerous as the proverbial grains of marketing director, sand in the Ganges River, Dogen substitutes buddhas as numerous as sitting cushions. Instead of the buddha sitting under the bodhi tree as he attains enlightenment, Dogen has him sitting on top of a whisk. Dogen then applies the dance phd thesis, standard ten epithets for a buddha, starting with Tathagata, to a new buddha invented here by Dogen, named Broken Wooden Ladle, who might be seen as a reference to all of the the chrysanthemums essay, humble monks practicing under him at Eiheiji. Continuing with his parody of conventional Mahayana sutra rhetoric, Dogen designates the buddha land of this fabulous new buddha as Clump of soil, his kalpa as Fist, and his longevity as that of a dried turd. Dogen seems to mock the standard Mahayana sutra rhetoric, iconoclastically mimicking a formula for interpretive dance phd thesis describing buddhas used often in the Lotus Sutra , for example in chapters eight and nine on the predictions of future buddhahood of the five hundred disciples, and of learners and the chrysanthemums, adepts.[34] However, Dogen actually is affirming his view of the phd thesis, Lotus Sutra , as originally interpreted by Saicho and expressed by LaFleur, that validates the world of essay personal narrative my story, concrete phenomena as expressive of the essence of interpretive, awakening. The new buddha is called Broken Wooden Ladle in celebration of a humble implement, to which Dogen frequently refers in highly exalted terms. For example, in jodo 204 in 1246 he says, If you really know it, the the chrysanthemums, temple pillars confirm that, and the wooden ladles study together with you. Then he has wooden ladles doing three prostrations and asking a dharma question.[35] Similarly revered in jodo 229, above, are the practice paraphernalia of interpretive phd thesis, sitting cushions, a monk's staff, and the chrysanthemums essay, a teacher's whisk. But in celebrating humble phenomena, Dogen also emphasizes their ephemerality, as he says that the dance, True and Semblance Dharma Ages of cover letter director, Broken Wooden Ladle Buddha endure merely twelve hours. Although an intact wooden ladle is a useful implement, here the Buddha is named Broken Wooden Ladle, further emphasizing transiency, and recalling the Zen phrase, the bottom of a bucket broken out, which signifies the letting go of interpretive dance, attachments in opening experiences. Dogen's challenge to his monks at the end of the jodo echoes the prominent Ch'an dharma combat rhetoric style of free business writing workshops, koan anthologies such as the Hekiganroku , Blue Cliff Record.

However, his statement, If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake, might also be seen as a rationale for the whole Lotus Sutra self-referential strategy of not explicitly stating the content of the interpretive, dharma being celebrated and proclaimed. Simultaneously, there is marketing director, a mandate for this Dharma to interpretive be actually proclaimed. If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained, implies the ethical responsibility not to the chrysanthemums essay deny whatever is realized, despite its ephemerality. This may be seen as echoing the frequent theme in the Lotus Sutra of the responsibility of Shakyamuni's disciples to dance maintain the Lotus Dharma in the future. Again, whether Dogen's rhetoric here borrows more from Ch'an tradition or more from the indirect modes of the Lotus Sutra is not the essay narrative my story, issue. The fact that he uses this style to mimic Lotus Sutra rhetoric, however, does indicate that in this jodo Dogen is concerned and aware of Lotus Sutra discourse style, and of appropriating it rhetorically, at dance phd thesis least in part. In the following two examples, Dogen provides fantastic parables that seem to be framed as dreams when he describes them as happening last night.

Whether they were literal dreams or meditative visions is beside the point. As Bernard Faure says, For Buddhists there is essay personal my story, no clear distinction between dreams that come during sleep and phd thesis, visions achieved in a waking state, or more precisely during meditation, in a state (samadhi) that, like trance, is often defined as being 'neither sleeping nor waking.'[36] Whether realized in sleep or samadhi, or merely used intentionally as literary devices invoking the visionary qualities of samadhi, Dogen uses these visions to express the dream within the dream, i.e. to reveal awakening amid the essay personal, phenomenal. In his Enlightenment Day jodo, number 88, in 1241, Dogen says: Two thousand years later, we are the descendants [of Shakyamuni]. Two thousand years ago, he was our ancestral father. He is phd thesis, muddy and wet from essayists of the, following and chasing after the phd thesis, waves. It can be described like this, but also there is the principle of the Way [that we must] make one mistake after another. What is juvenile paper, this like? Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is interpretive dance, right under our feet.

Face after face is Buddha's face; fulfillment after fulfillment is Buddha's fulfillment. Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] unintentionally stepped on a dried turd and it jumped up and covered heaven and cover marketing communications director, earth. This mountain monk unintentionally stepped on it again, and it introduced itself, saying, My name is Shakyamuni. Interpretive! Then, this mountain monk unintentionally stepped on his chest, and immediately he went and the chrysanthemums essay, sat on the vajra seat, saw the interpretive, morning star, bit through the traps and snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Without waiting for corrections anyone to peck at interpretive his shell from outside, he received the thirty-two characteristics common to all buddhas, and together with this mountain monk, composed the following four line verse: Stumbling I stepped on his chest and his backbone snapped, Mountains and marketing analysis report apple iphone case, rivers swirling around, the dawn wind blew. Penetrating seven and accomplishing eight, bones piercing the heavens,

His face attained a sheet of golden skin. In this jodo Dogen describes a dream-like fantasy in which he accidentally steps on dance phd thesis, a piece of shit, and in accord with Yun-men's utterance often cited by Dogen, it jumps up and declares itself to be Shakyamuni. Apple Apple Iphone! This vision increases the interpretive, apparent disrespect for Buddha in Yun-men's utterance, as Dogen again steps on his back (albeit again accidentally), even after the dried shit identifies himself as Shakyamuni. But Dogen uses this scatological vision not to degrade, but rather to further celebrate Buddha, by declaring that upon being stepped on, He went and sat on cover, the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the traps and snares of conditioned birth, and phd thesis, cast away his old nest from the past. Here Dogen skillfully proclaims and celebrates, non-explicitly, one of the major revelations of the Lotus Sutra , that of the essay personal my story, Buddha's life-span enduring over inconceivable ages (mentioned above in interpretive connection with Dogen's reference in Expressing the Dream Within the Dream.) In chapter sixteen, Shakyamuni reveals that his archetypal story of his home-leaving and awakening is demonstrated simply as a skillful mode. The effect of this dream parable of Dogen is to reinforce the story about skillful modes in chapter sixteen by essay describing Buddha and his awakening process as still omnipresent, last night right at Eiheiji, and even in excrement.

Dogen's dream story also echoes the Lotus Sutra , chapter four, parable of the phd thesis, prodigal son, who can only the chrysanthemums, come to realize his fundamental endowment after years of interpretive dance, shoveling manure in his father's field. As Dogen says in the introduction to his parable, even Shakyamuni is muddy and wet from following and chasing after the waves. Dogen's further introductory statement, Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet, echoes the Lotus Sutra parable about the ragged beggar unknowingly having the dharma jewel sewed within his robe. It further suggests the image in paper chapter fifteen of phd thesis, myriad bodhisattvas suddenly springing forth from beneath the ground under our feet, which represents the free business workshops, omnipresence of the bodhisattva potential in phd thesis the ground of concrete phenomena. Having venerated Shakyamuni Buddha via seeming desecration in this last jodo parable, in marketing communications Eihei Koroku jodo number 123, given in phd thesis 1243, Dogen describes another dream vision, this one seeming to poke fun at Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of cover marketing communications director, compassion. One sheet of dull stubbornness is three inches thick. Three lengths of upside-downness is interpretive phd thesis, five feet long.

Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] struck the analysis report apple study, empty sky with a single blow. My fist didn't hurt, but the empty sky knew pain. A number of sesame cakes appeared and rushed to become the dance, faces and paper, eyes of the great earth. In the interpretive dance, mock creation myth in the introduction to juvenile research the jodo, Dogen punches out the empty sky. Dance Phd Thesis! Then with bravado akin to such classic Ch'an masters of fisticuffs as Lin-chi or Te-shan (Rinzai and Tokusan in Japanese), Dogen declares that his fist didn't hurt, but the sky, which can also be read as emptiness itself, knew pain. Like the skillful fists of Lin-chi or Te-shan, with their constructive impact on their monk trainees, Dogen's fist brings forth a cascade of marketing communications, sesame cakes, which in turn shower down as thousands of faces and interpretive, eyes.

The several references to corrections paper the koan lexicon by phd thesis Dogen in this jodo include case 78 of the Shoyoroku Book of Serenity anthology. When asked by a monk about marketing analysis report apple, talk transcending buddhas and interpretive dance, ancestors, Yun-men answers, Sesame cake.[37] In case 82 of the Shoyoroku, the association of Yun-men with sesame cakes continues when he says, The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara brings money to buy a sesame cake: when he lowers his hand, it turns out to be a jelly-doughnut.[38] This story must have inspired Dogen's vision of Avalokiteshvara striving to purchase sesame cakes. But Dogen envisions the sesame cakes as transformed into free, dynamically active eyes and faces rather than jelly-doughnuts, which are still mere commodities, even if richer than sesame cakes. As Dogen's parable in interpretive dance phd thesis jodo 123 unfolds with dream-like narrative, someone shows up who wants to buy the sesame cakes (transformed into faces and eyes). When Dogen inquires, the person identifies himself as Avalokiteshvara, just as the piece of shit in the previously discussed dream parable identifies himself as Sakyamuni.

Presumably Avalokiteshvara is trying to acquire from Dogen the eleven faces and thousand eyes for his hands as depicted in one of the bodhisattva's foremost iconographic forms.[39] With these multiple perspectives, the of the, bodhisattva of interpretive, compassion can fulfill the free business writing online, skillful means that he is interpretive phd thesis, known for, as seen in his diversity of of the, forms in interpretive chapter twenty-five of the business, Lotus Sutra . When Avalokiteshvara further identifies himself by the very common Chinese names Ch'ang and Li, this represents Avalokiteshvara as an ordinary person. Even in a dream (or a literary discourse he frames as visionary or dream-like), Dogen is thereby implicitly affirming practice in the mundane world and the immanent presence of compassion. In Expressing the Dream Within the Dream, written the year before the parable in jodo123, Dogen declares that, The expression of the dream within the dance phd thesis, dream is the thousand hands and eyes of Avalokiteshvara that function by many means.[40] Here he explicitly denotes the the chrysanthemums essay, discourse mode, the expression itself, as an aspect or example of Avalokiteshvara's skillful means. The parable itself ends with Avalokite§vara expressing his commitment and interpretive dance phd thesis, determination to obtain the eyes and faces (formerly sesame cakes), with which to proceed with his work of compassion, whether or not he has any money. In his own concluding commentary, Dogen adds, When Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva makes an appearance, mountains and rivers on the great earth are not dead ashes. Here Dogen emphasizes the dynamic, liberating quality of the world of concrete phenomena. For Dogen, the whole world and its components, even the essay narrative my story, dreams within a dream, are the vital functioning of awakening, like the conjured city in the Lotus Sutra parable, assisting those on the path.

Dogen's jodo concludes with a further affirmation of the enlightening potency of the phenomenal world, You should always remember that in the third month the partridges sing and the flowers open. Here the emergence of vitality in spring, and also its very invocation, functions skillfully as an interpretive encouraging metaphor for essayists of the the enduring potential of awakening in his disciple audience. The parables in the Lotus Sutra may lack Dogen's humorous irony and interpretive phd thesis, visionary whimsy. But in accord with LaFleur's account of the function of those parables, Dogen uses his dream parables similarly as skillful modes with which to encourage his monks' engagement with and affirmation of the corrections research paper, complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent. In his Eihei Koroku , Dogen relates parables that echo the function of the parables in the Lotus Sutra by demonstrating the presence of wondrous dharma, right in the phenomenal world and in the midst of karmic consciousness. While such parables are occasional, and certainly not Dogen's major mode of literary expression, they do exemplify his borrowing of Lotus Sutra styles in interpretive dance phd thesis his discourse. More significantly than in Dogen's occasional use of apple marketing apple iphone case study, parables, the profuse self-referencing of the Lotus Sutra and the complex, skillful impact of dance phd thesis, this self-reflexive discourse serves as one major resource or model for Dogen's style of proclamation. Dogen follows the Lotus Sutra self-referential style in various of his rhetorical modes to proclaim and celebrate a teaching that often remains unstated, but which may be more provocative because of business writing, this quality of the non-explicit. Interpretive! Dogen's self-referential, proclamatory discourse (at least in some part borrowed from the Lotus Sutra discourse style), used as a mode with which to express and exemplify radical nondualism, becomes a model for Soto Zen expression and practice, supporting prominent Soto teachings such as the oneness of practice-realization. This essay has focused on suggesting some of the aspects of Dogen's appropriation of Lotus Sutra styles of rhetoric in his own discourse.

Much more can be said about his inclusion of marketing communications director, its doctrinal contents in his own teaching. Still, Dogen's primary literary source by far was the vast Ch'an koan literature, which he was introducing as a new, foreign language into Japan, and which he had mastered to an astonishing degree. In his prominent use of the Lotus Sutra , on the other hand, he was referencing the Buddhist text that was perhaps most familiar to his Kamakura audience. His wide use of the interpretive, Lotus Sutra raises many questions. His devoted dissemination of the alien koan literature suggests that he was not citing the Lotus simply to match audience expectations or familiarities. Personal! Some aspects of Lotus teaching were clearly useful to interpretive dance phd thesis legitimatization of Zen positions.

For example, he widely quotes the passage in Kumarajiva's translation of chapter two of the sutra that, Only a buddha together with a buddha can fathom the essay narrative, Reality of All Existence.[41] Dogen appropriates this saying for his Shobogenzo essay Yuibutsu Yobutsu, Only Buddha and Buddha, as support for interpretive phd thesis the Zen Dharma transmission tradition.[42] The Lotus Sutra focus on Shakyamuni also fits with the main buddha figure in Zen, rather than the Buddhas Amida or Vairocana venerated in the contemporary Pure Land and Esoteric (and Kegon) movements. But perhaps most fundamentally, the significant presence of the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's teaching content and in his style of cover letter, presentation may serve to remind us of the substantial underpinnings of Mahayana thought and practice in Soto Zen teachings. [1] For a discussion of some Lotus Sutra references by Dogen, and a list of some such citations, see Kagamishima Genryu, Dogen zenji to in'yo kyoten-goroku no kenkyu (Tokyo: Mokujisha, 1965), pp. Interpretive! 121-137; 217-219. A list of Lotus Sutra references in Dogen's Shobogenzo appears in Gudo Wafu Nishijima and Chodo Cross, trans. Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1 (Woods Hole, Mass.: Windbell Publications, 1994), pp. 293-321. [2] Ryuichi Abe and the chrysanthemums, Peter Haskell, trans. with essays. Great Fool: Zen Master Ryokan; Poems, Letters, and Writings (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996), p.xiii. See also p. Interpretive! 21.

[3] For background on hongaku thought, see Ruben Habito, Originary Enlightenment: Tendai Hongaku Doctrine and Japanese Buddhism (Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies, 1996); and Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999). For Saicho's appropriation of paper, sokushin jobutsu from the Lotus Sutra story about the Dragon King's daughter, see Paul Groner, The Lotus Sutra and Saicho's Interpretation of the Realization of Buddhahood with This Very Body, in George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, editors. The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), pp. 53-74. [4] For an English translation of Hokke-Ten-Hokke, see Nishijima and Cross, Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1, pp. 203-220. Interpretive! I have also referred to a translation by marketing report Kazuaki Tanahashi and Michael Wenger, from the forthcoming Beyond Thinking , edited by Kazuaki Tanahashi. [5] Dogen appropriation of the Lotus, especially in terms of its use in interpretive Dogen's fundamental world-view underlying his praxis, will be further detailed in my forthcoming dissertation: Visions of Awakening Space and Time: The Bodhisattvas' Earth Emergence and the Inconceivable Life-Span in the Lotus Sutra , and their Impact in analysis iphone case Dogen's Teachings. [6] Steven Heine.

Dogen and phd thesis, the Koan Tradition (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994). [7] See Yasunari Kawabata, Japan the personal narrative, Beautiful and Myself, trans. Edward Seidensticker (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1969); and Steven Heine, The Zen Poetry of Dogen (Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 1997). [8] See Yifa, The Rules of Purity for the Chan Monastery: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Chanyuan Qinggui. Interpretive! Ph.D.

Dissertation at Yale University, 1996. The Chanyuan Qinggui was a major influence, quoted extensively by Dogen, in cover director his Eihei Shingi. See Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community: A Translation of Eihei Shingi (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996). [9] See, for dance phd thesis examples, Edward Conze, trans., The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines its Verse Summary (Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973), pp. 15, 120-121; and Buddhist Text Translation Society, Sutra of the juvenile research, Past Vows of Earth Store Bodhisattva (Talmage, Cal.: Dharma Realm Buddhist University, 1982), pp. 69-71, 89-92, along with many other passages. [10] I am using the Chinese /Japanese edition of Kumarajiva's translation, Myoho Rengekyo, 3 vols. (Tokyo: Iwanamai Bunko, 1996). English translations consulted are Leon Hurvitz, trans. Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma (New York: Columbia University Press, 1976); Bunno Kato, Yoshiro Tamura, and Kojiro Miyasaka, trans. The Threefold Lotus Sutra: Innumerable Meanings, The Lotus Flower of the Wonderful Law, and Meditation on the Bodhisattva Universal Virtue (New York: Weatherhill, 1975); and Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra , (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993). [11] Introduction to interpretive dance George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture, p. 2. [12] Jodo, literally ascending the hall, referred to here as dharma discourses, were the essayists of the, major form of presentation in Sung China Ch'an temples.

They were often quite brief, given in the Dharma Hall with the teacher on the high seat on the altar and interpretive dance phd thesis, with the monks standing. Apparently they were the teaching form eventually favored by Dogen, since he nearly stopped writing the marketing analysis report apple study, longer essays of Shobogenzo after 1244, but continued using the formal Jodo talks, which were recorded in Eihei Koroku , in training his monks at Eiheiji before his death in 1253. [13] All references to Eihei Koroku are from the earlier monkaku version (rather than Manzan's later edition) in Kosaka Kiyu and Suzuki Kakuzen, eds. Dogen Zenji Zenshu. vols. 3 and 4 (Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1989). All translations in this essay are from interpretive dance, Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, trans. Dogen's Extensive Record: A Translation of Eihei Koroku (Boston: Wisdom Publications, forthcoming). [14] Yun-men's response to a monk's question, What is Buddha? of kanshiketsu has been interpreted legitimately either as a dried shitstick, a standard implement that was used as we now use toilet paper, or simply as a dried turd, an interpretation derived from Chuang-tzu's usage, which will be used as the translation in other jodo below, according to personal my story varied contexts. Yun-men's equation of Buddha with kanshiketsu appears, for example, in Mumonkan , case 21.

See Yamada, Gateless Gate, pp. 109-112. For a discussion of Dogen's likely interpretation of Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's utterance as sesame rather than the dance phd thesis, usual translation of the chrysanthemums essay, flax, see the note to Dogen's reference to dance it in Tenzokyokun in Leighton and Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community, P. Paper! 56. This story appears, for example, in case 12 of Hekiganroku and in case 18 of Mumonkan . See Thomas Cleary and J.C. Cleary, trans. The Blue Cliff Record (Boston: Shambhala, 1977), pp. 81-87; and Koun Yamada, Gateless Gate (Los Angeles: Center Publications, 1967), pp. 96-99.

[15] See Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra, p. 45; Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, p. 45; Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. 74. [16] William LaFleur, The Karma of Words: Buddhism and the Literary Arts in interpretive dance phd thesis Medieval Japan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), p. 87. [17] Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. Business! 29-30. [18] LaFleur, The Karma of Words, p. 87. [19] Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism, p. 14. [20] See Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, trans. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis! The Heart of essay personal narrative my story, Shobogenzo (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), pp. 59-98. [21] George J. Tanabe, Jr., Myoe the Dreamkeeper: Fantasy and Knowledge in Early Kamakura Buddhism. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), p. 9. [24] See Taigen Dan Leighton and Kazuaki Tanahashi, trans.

Within a Dream Expressing a Dream, in Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Enlightenment Unfolds: The Essential Teachings of phd thesis, Zen Master Dogen (Boston: Shambhala, 1999), pp. 165-172. [27] Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Moon in cover marketing a Dewdrop: Writings of Zen Master Dogen (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1985), p. 69. [28] For Myoe's dream journal, and commentary, see Tanabe, Myoe the dance, Dreamkeeper, cited above, and Hayao Kawaii, The Buddhist Priest Myoe: A Life of research paper, Dreams, translated with introduction by Mark Unno, (Venice, Ca.: The Lapis Press, 1992). [29] See Bernard Faure, Visions of Power: Imagining Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996). [30] For further discussion of the dance phd thesis, stereotypical distinctions between Keizan and Dogen, see Faure, Visions of Power, pp. 3-4, 211-215. [31] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, pp. 170-171; and Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 223-224.

[32] I am indebted for clarification of the difference in Dogen's reading of this passage, and for many other suggestions for this paper, to the kind response commentary of Jan Nattier. [33] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 171. [34] The Lotus Sutra includes a number of variations on the full formula for descriptions of buddhas and their buddha-fields parodied by Dogen, also including versions in chapter twelve on Devadatta and chapter twenty-three on the Bodhisattva Medicine King. One of the versions closest to the full formula parodied by Dogen is the description of essayists, Ananda's prediction in chapter nine. See Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 168-169. [35] Dogen refers frequently to interpretive dance phd thesis ladles in Eihei Koroku , used as a term for reliable practice implements, and sometimes for practitioners themselves. For other examples, jodo 219 in 1247 begins, Abundant with ten thousand virtues, the sitting cushions and wooden ladles are dignified. In jodo 320 in 1249, Dogen refers to Shakyamuni himself as, The wooden ladle at Vulture Peak.

[36] Faure, Visions of Power, p. 116. [37] See Thomas Cleary, trans. Book of Serenity (Boston: Shambhala, 1998; originally published by Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1990), pp. 332-334. [39] For the study, iconographic forms of Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, see Taigen Daniel Leighton, Bodhisattva Archetypes: Classic Buddhist Guides to Awakening and dance phd thesis, their Modern Expression (New York: Penguin Arkana, 1998), pp.

159-170. [40] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 169. [41] See Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. The Chrysanthemums! 52. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis! Compared to the Sanskrit original, which simply denotes plural buddhas, Kumarajiva's rendition emphasizes the relational aspect of a buddha together with a buddha. [42] See Tanahashi, Moon in communications director a Dewdrop, pp.

161-167.

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essay that analyzes You’ve been staring at phd thesis, your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. Letter. But somehow, it seems too difficult to phd thesis do either. What you need is essay, is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an dance analytical essay isn’t before getting to free writing workshops online what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only interpretive phd thesis summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to cover communications director your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary.

Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. In short, this type of interpretive dance phd thesis, essay requires you to paper look at interpretive, the smaller parts of the the chrysanthemums essay work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to interpretive phd thesis use for the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the cover letter communications director movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to interpretive organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of cover marketing communications director, this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is phd thesis, a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and juvenile corrections conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to interpretive get the marketing analysis report apple iphone reader interested in your analysis.

The introduction should include at phd thesis, least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is cover marketing director, called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. Interpretive. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial.

For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and paper the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the interpretive books for promoting witchcraft. Corrections Paper. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the interpretive dance phd thesis essay will discuss. 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of essay narrative my story, sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and dance phd thesis how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to workshops online Lily Potter.

These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to interpretive dance phd thesis get really creative and play around with formatting. In the essay narrative flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and the chrysanthemums essay how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence.

Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of interpretive phd thesis, evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence. Workshops Online. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the dance phd thesis reader exactly what that section is going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the the chrysanthemums essay ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to interpretive save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim.

The claim should dive into a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in free business writing, the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the dance phd thesis other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence.

You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the marketing communications evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the dance phd thesis citing of the prophecy, I would tell the apple analysis reader that Harry and interpretive phd thesis his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of the chrysanthemums, this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to interpretive phd thesis die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that. They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of free workshops, your main points without being a direct copy.

For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to interpretive keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Apple Case Study. Rowling explores several of them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the phd thesis reader a sense of closure, you can relate the theme to personal narrative my story the real world or end with a final quote from the phd thesis text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over analysis apple iphone case study, mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst.

98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for essayists English, history and education. You can find her on interpretive, Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome!

Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to cover letter communications director help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is interpretive, undoubtedly very much helpful… Thanks a lot. You’re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. #128578;

Hi….Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an essay personal my story analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don’t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in dance phd thesis, writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I’m concerned. I look forward to your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on narrative my story, the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. The main difference is interpretive phd thesis, that you’ll have to do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to essayists cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet!

Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an interpretive analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I’m supposed to write an corrections research paper essay on interpretive, The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I’m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. basically it’s also asking me “how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to corrections research paper this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the interpretive dramatic conventions that you’re covering in juvenile research paper, your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of — I’m not sure which ones you’ve studied in phd thesis, class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an personal narrative my story essay about Animals by dance phd thesis, O’Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood.

I don’t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I’ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily– Awesome that you have your outline ready to letter marketing communications director go. Interpretive Dance Phd Thesis. You might want to essayists start with the dance phd thesis quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/

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